What is thrombosis?
A thrombus is a blood clot that appears inside the walls of blood vessels or heart. Thrombi decrease the diameter of a blood vessel hampering or impeding blood to flow fluently, something which is known as thrombosis.
Thrombosis may cause serious bodily states, as they prevent the cells from the tissues of the affected areas to be properly nourished with oxygen and nutrients. The absence of this contribution can lead to cell death and destruction of the body tissue affected.
Thrombosis are major causes of myocardial infarction.
Types of thrombosis
Depending on its severity, the thrombosis may be:
– Mild: Superficial thrombophlebitis (superficial vein thrombosis). This is a type of phlebitis or inflammation of a superficial vein caused by a blood clot. It is often noted because a superficial vein becomes red, swollen or hard when you touch it. The area around the vein can usually be felt warmth or you may feel pain in the affected limb.
It usually occurs as a result of an injection into the affected vein, as a result of a blow on it, or when it has been affected by a chemical. Varicose veins or a sedentary lifestyle can facilitate its formation. It is not rare to appear as a result of pregnancy or because of the ingestion of a pill to avoid pregnancy.
This type of thrombosis is usually mild and of short duration.
– Moderately severe: deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Popularly known as “clot in the legs”, it is a type of thrombosis that usually affects a deep vein in the leg or thigh. The main symptoms include redness of the affected leg with sensation of heat to the touch. Leg with thrombosis is usually painful and often appears very swollen by fluid accumulation or edema. (More information on thrombosis in the leg)
The possibility exists that some of the clots responsible for this type of thrombosis can move to other parts of the body in the form of embolus producing a very serious or fatal accident known as stroke. Among the most common type is pulmonary embolism in which a blood clot causes a blockage of blood vessels of the lungs. The clot had been transported through the blood to the heart and the heart had gone into the lungs. (More information on pulmonary embolism)
To reduce this risk prompt treatment of this disorder is recommended..
– Very severe: Among this type of thrombosis, of the most serious ones is cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST). It is a type of thrombosis that affects a vein at the base of the brain. (More information on cerebral thrombosis)
Symptoms of thrombosis
Thrombosis often do not present any symptoms. Other times, they can have very different symptoms related to the body or body part they affect the following: fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, lack of urination, blood in the urine, flank pain, swelling with numbness, possible redness, lumps in the veins, gangrene, etc.
Causes of thrombosis
The main causes of thrombosis are:
– Genetic factors: Some people have a genetic predisposition to produce increased blood clotting.
– Increased proportion of coagulation factors: There are a number of proteins, called coagulation factors (fibrinogen, prothrombin, calcium, etc) that facilitate Thrombi formation. For example, when fibrinogen levels are higher, you are more likely to blood clots. These levels in particular can be enhanced by the ingestion of drugs or certain stages of life, including pregnancy.
Other proteins, such as protein C, have anticoagulant properties. Deficiencies in these vitamins can promote blood clotting too much.
– Strokes or accidents: they can cause injuries to the inside of blood vessels that encourage blood clots. (For example, accidents that affect the entire body. Fractures of legs, hips, femur)
– Burns: burned tissues may enter the bloodstream.
– Surgical procedures: heart surgery, pelvic surgery, etc)
– Ingestion of certain drugs, such as oral contraceptives, or cocaine.
– Atherosclerosis: The arteries can be blocked by plaques consisting of cholesterol and fats that stick to walls and harden them as different components, such as calcium, adhere to them. Atherosclerosis is responsible for the formation of Thrombi
– Cholesterol: The presence of “bad” cholesterol promotes the formation of clots.
– Smoking: Nicotine is a vasoconstrictor that decreases the thickness of the arteries and coronary vessels, increases heart rate and blood pressure. Smoking is one of the leading causes of circulatory diseases, such as arteriosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, etc.
– Alcohol: Alcohol increases blood pressure. Continued alcohol consumption can lead to problems of hypertension. Many doctors believe that a little alcohol helps improve circulation and prevent heart disease, but alcoholism is detrimental to the body and causes it many anomalies.
– Physical inactivity: inactivity, such as sitting for too long, air travel, traveling by car, by train for long hours, staying in bed for several days, etc. may promote clots.
– Poor diet: A poor diet, rich in saturated fats and low in anticoagulant food may promote Thrombi (More information on the diet against blood clots in the listing above)
Diagnosis and treatment of Thrombosis
The diagnosis of thrombosis is based on a physical examination of the area you may have symptoms of blood clots. In some cases some other tests will be necessary to identify blood clots as arteriography, Doppler ultrasonography (ultrasound test that checks blood flows in the arms and legs) blood test, etc.
The official treatment of thrombosis focuses on the use of anticoagulant drugs with the dual function of preventing new clots from forming or the existing ones from moving to other parts of the body causing stroke.
The natural treatment of Thrombosis is based on the use of a series of natural resources that can help prevent or treat blood clots.
More information on the natural treatment of thrombosis.