What is a deep vein thrombosis?
Blood clots can appear inside the walls of blood vessels or heart. They decrease the diameter of blood vessels making blood flow more difficultly. This is known as thrombosis.
Thrombosis may cause serious bodily states, as they prevent the cells from the tissues of the affected areas to be properly nourished with oxygen and nutrients. The absence of this contribution can lead to cell death and destruction of body tissue affected.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a form of thrombosis in which the clot forms in a vein deep in the body. One of the most common is what is popularly known as “clot in the legs” or “thrombosis in one leg.”
It is a type of thrombosis that affects a vein inside the leg or thigh. The possibility exists that some of the clots responsible for this type of thrombosis may move to other parts of the body as emboli producing very serious or fatal results known as stroke.
Among the most common one is pulmonary embolism in which a blood clot causes a blockage of blood vessels of the lungs. The clot or clots (especially those coming from the thigh) have been transported by the blood from the legs to the heart and, from the heart to the lungs causing this type of stroke (More information on pulmonary embolism)
We also must note other deep venous thrombosis, such as thrombosis in an arm that can be due to clotting problems or problems of compression of a vein as in (Paget-Schroetter syndrome). In the latter case, the thrombosis is due to thrombus formation in a vein that supplies the arm (subclavian vein). The main reason why these thrombi are formed is that the affected vein was compressed by a muscle or a rib. This continuous pressure ends up damaging the inner walls of the vein that swells and produces thrombus.
Thrombosis in the leg or arm usually occurs after age 60, although it can occur at any age. Thrombosis by compression in one arm usually appears in young people and usually occurs after prolonged physical exercise practice and strong. These types of thrombosis are quite common in athletes or people who perform certain repetitive tasks.
The treatment of both problems is quite similar, although in the case of thrombosis of an arm because of compression, besides eliminating the thrombus, it could be necessary to remove the element that produces compression. Surgical removal of the first rib to free the axillary-subclavian vein could be needed.
Symptoms of thrombosis in the leg
The main symptoms of thrombosis in the leg include redness of the affected leg with sensation of heat to the touch. The leg affected by thrombosis is usually painful and often appears very swollen by fluid accumulation or edema.
Causes of thrombosis in the leg
Thrombosis in one leg is due to the formation of one or more blood clots inside a deep vein in the leg or thigh.
This type of condition is often caused by many causes. Among them, as a result of surgeries or interventions in the veins of the legs, after a trauma or tear in the lower extremities, after birth, when sitting for too long, in case of obesity, heart failure or smoking, if contraceptives or estrogen ingested or when there is a tendency to have thicker blood than normal.
Those who have a tendency to develop blood clots are more likely to suffer a thrombosis in the leg (See causes of clots)
Prevention of thrombosis in the leg
To prevent the formation of thrombi in the leg, we can take into account the following tips:
– Quit smoking.
– Manage obesity
– Practice some physical exercise.
– Move the legs from time to time while seating. This is especially recommended when traveling many hours by plane, train, car, etc. On long trips, if you are prone to this type of problem, tell your doctor to prescribe you an anticoagulant.
– Use compression stockings on the legs to improve circulation.
– Care for your diet. Dispense with or reduce consumption of saturated fats.
– Take appropriate medication to avoid developing new thrombi.
Diagnosis and treatment of thrombosis in the leg
The diagnosis of thrombosis in the leg is based on a physical examination to detect any possible symptoms.
In some cases some other tests can be needed to assess the condition of the veins of the legs as Doppler ultrasound of the legs (It can be seen how blood flows in the legs); tomography of the legs (They measure the blood pressure difference in the arms and legs. A pressure difference may indicate that blood flow is affected); venography of the legs (leg radiograph to taste leg veins status), etc.
In addition to these tests, blood tests may be needed to check other factors that may affect blood circulation.
The official treatment of leg thrombosis focuses on the use of thrombolytic drugs used to dissolve clots and blood-thinning drugs that prevent new clots from forming. In certain situations it may be necessary to use surgery to remove the thrombus or to install devices that prevent the migration of thrombus to the lungs.
The natural treatment of thrombosis in the legs is based on the use of a variety of natural resources that can help prevent or treat blood clots in them.
More information on the natural treatment of thrombosis.