What are vaginal infections?
The infections in the vagina are vaginal contagions produced by non suitable microorganisms for the vaginal flora.
The vagina and the external parts of the genitals are very rich in microorganisms. Most of them, in normal conditions, are not detrimental. When the normal conditions of the vaginal flora are altered, the injurious microorganisms proliferate, causing infections.
Many of these infections are transmitted via sexual intercourse and may therefore affect both partners, although the possibility exists that it only manifests in one of them. To prevent mutual infection or the possibility of infecting another person, it is necessary that both partners receive medical care.
The treatment of the vaginal infections is extremely important in pregnant women to prevent the fetuses from being affected, because this can affect their health and growth.
Symptoms of vaginal infections
The main symptoms of vaginal infections are: Vulvar itching, irritation, swelling of the lips of the vulva, redness and swelling of the vulva, lack of lubrication, pain during intercourse, burning or pain during sexual intercourse, swelling or irritation of the vagina after intercourse, flows of different colors and, in most cases, with an unpleasant odor, itching, burning, painful urination, etc.
Causes of vaginal infections
The main causes of the vaginal infections are:
– Fungal Infections: The main fungus is Candida albicans, a fungus normally found in the vagina in small percentages but when there is an imbalance with the other ‘positive’ organisms, it grows enormously and it is responsible for the infection that produces the flow. It produces an infection called candidiasis
– Infections by bacteria: The most common are:
- Group B streptococcus (GBS): they are particularly hazardous for the health of the fetus in pregnant women. They Produce greenish yellow flow.
- Trichomoniasis: Another of the bacteria that produce the same flow are the trichomonads (Trichomonas vaginalis) which cause a type of infection called trichomoniasis. It is a type of infection spread through sex.
- Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) It is spread through sexual intercourse and, in conjunction with the syphilis and gonorrhea, the most common bacteria transmitted sexually. It produces thin and lightly colored secretions.
- Gardnerella: (Gardnerella vaginalis) It is another disease that is spread through sexual intercourse. It produces grayish secretions.
- Gonorrhea: It is the most common sexually transmitted disease. Produced by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria
– Infections by aggressions to the skin of the genitals. It is produced as a result of the attacks produced to the vulva. For example the use of too tight and very rough underwear, the use of very tight pants, the use of deodorants or creams that contain unnatural chemicals, colored toilet paper, soaps, chemicals, vaginal perfumes, etc. They are substances that attack the female genital area and may cause eczema or allergic reactions with intense genital itching. This discomfort compels many women to scratching this area which causes lesions that can become infected.
– Pediculosis: Pubic hair louse or commonly denominated crab (Phthirus pubis) is a parasite that is situated in pubic hair and causes moderate or severe itching especially at night. It is a type of parasite that is transmitted mainly through sexual intercourse and is responsible for the infection known as pediculosis.
Diagnostics and treatment of vaginal infections
In the presence of symptoms of vaginal infection, a visit to the gynecologist is completely necessary to diagnose the reasons for these symptoms.
The diagnosis of infection of the vagina implies an exploration of the patient to check the status of his genitals. In case of flow, it usually requires to perform a culture (an analysis of a sample of vaginal secretion). Conventional treatment involves the use of drugs that can cure the infection.
The natural treatment of the vaginal infections implies the use of a series of natural resources that help to diminish the infection or to prevent its appearance.