HOW TO GROW TULIPS
Tulips are plants from the lily family (Liliaceae) that come from central and western Asia. There are about 5000 species approximately, contained in 15 families, most of which are forms cultivated starting from the species Tulipa Gesneriana.With a great variety of sizes and forms, their very attractive flowers are used fundamentally for decoration of parterres or in big containers with the possibility of combining different colors. Lately cultivation has been extended indoors with other bulbous plants as hyacinths or narcissus.
They produce very big noticeable flowers, blooming from early to mid spring.
The land should not be allowed to dry. Watering should be more abundant before the bloom. The bulbs planted in autumn should remain humid during winter.
In the sun or demi-shade in a warm place. In winter, if they have flourished or sprouted, and if the external conditions are very cold, better to keep in interior. The ideal conditions of temperature, after having flourished, is about between about 13 and 18ºC. They don't appreciate the currents of air and very dry atmospheres.
From little bulbs in autumn. Although they can be reproduced with bulbs originated by the same plant, it is better to buy bulbs that come from Holland. A good solution is to use the own bulbs together with those bought. The bulbs should be planted at a depth of about 15 or 20 cm and 15 cm apart. (A practical way to calculate the depth is to leave the inferior part of the bulb at a distance corresponding the double of its longitude with regard to the surface)
Soild should be preferably alkaline, with mixture of sand and garden soil, not of manure. Soil should have a good drainage so it should be quite loose, to avoid fungi that will end up rotting the plant.
Fertilize soil mixture before planting or apply it after planting. A general garden fertiliser should be good. When replanting bulbs, fertiliser should be applied inmmediately after blooming.
Bothytris is responsable of drying leaves and buds in tulips. Some fungal insectide should be applied to avoid it. Sometimes we obtain good plants but no flowers are developed. This is the result of a bad winter bulb storing in which temperature was to high.
Another of the plagues that should be avoided is that of slugs and snails that eat up the plants especially when they are in period of growth. we should apply a repellent of these animals to avoid it.
Another possibility of cultivating tulips is inside the water, what is known like hydroponics. To carry out this cultivation we will need a special container or any glass jar with a mouth that embraces more or less the inferior quarter of the bulb. In this cultivation type we have to keep in mind the following tips:
Tulips (Bulb care)
Tulips are vivacious perennial plants, that is to say that they lose the air parts but they conserve the underground stems that are called bulbs. If we want the new plants grow well in the following season we have to keep in mind the following tips:
More information about plants cultivation in the listing above.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.