The history of Taxol
Shane Ahford, sophomore
November 8, 1999
ON THE HISTORY OF TAXOL
During the 1960's, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) began a search for plants with an effect on chemotherapy for cancer. The process was very time consuming and many plant extracts underwent random screening. Finally, the hard work paid off and taxol was discovered. This wonder drug was produced from the bark of the Pacific yew tree, Taxus brevifolia, from which the name taxol was derived. Although the drug was discovered forty years ago, it was not tested experimentally until 1977. It took another sixteen years to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of ovarian cancer, breast cancer, and Kaposi's sarcoma.
"Fact Sheet: RTI's Discovery of Taxol." Research Triangle Institute. Online. 1999.
"Taxol." Physicians Desk Reference, 53rd ed, Medical Economics Company Inc., New Jersey, 1999.
Trankina, Michelle. "Drugs That Grow On Trees." The World & I, The Washington Times, Washington D.C., Aug. 1998: 158.
More information about plants in the listing above.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.