Poppy family (Papaveraceae)
Photo of Papaver rhoeas L.
The Poppy family –Papaveraceae– comprises about 200 species of plants mainly spread in temperate countries.
Most of them are herbs with big colorful flowers.
They are very important because all of them contain alkaloids, therefore they are cultivated as drugs or medicinal plants.
|Leaves (1): Generally alternate and divided; simple or composite without stipules.|
|stems (2): Herbaceous with latex.|
Very big and colorful. Generally solitary and regular.
|Calyx: 2sepals which falls in bloom.
Corolla: Generally 4 petals (3)
|Carpels: One. Sometimes several.|
It comprises about 20 genera. The most important ones are the following: