Cultivation of horse chestnut

How to grow horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

Horse chestnut fruits and leaves
Horse chestnut fruits and leaves

flower Deciduous tree of the family Hipocastanaceae till 15 to 20 tall. Stem erect, reddish brown, with streaks. Leaves opposite, dark green, and long stalked with 7 leaflets ovate-lanceolate, serrated margin, wider towards the apex.

Flowers pink or white, rarely yellow, grouped in clusters of pyramidal shape. Calyx consists of 5 petals with a wavy red spot at its base. With 5 sepals.

Fruits in capsule, covered with spines, with 1 to 3 cells, containing the brown seeds (nuts). It blooms from early spring to midsummer. The fruits ripen in autumn.


Horse chestnut watering

Horse chesnut flowers and leaves
Horse chestnut flowers and leaves

Water it regularly, especially in summer, when the soil t should not be allowed to dry, so that the leaves don’t become brown and fall. A good system is to provide him a mulch to avoid the evaporation.

Horse chestnut uses

It is used as a park or garden tree. It is also used as a medicinal plant (More information)

Where and how to plant horse chestnuts?

  • Plant them in full sun
  • Propagate it from seeds in spring, or hard cuttings at the end of autumn

Type of soil and fertilization for horse chestnut

It can leave in any soil type, well drained and not very compact. In general, it doesn’t require fertilizer.

Another species of “Aesculus

Aesculus californica—————– California buckeye

Aesculus x carnea——— ———–Red horse chestnut

Aesculus flava ——————— Sweet buckeye

Aesculus glabra —————- —- Ohio buckeye

Aesculus indica ———————Indian horse chestnut

Aesculus parviflora—————— Bottlebrush buckeye

Aesculus pavia———————- Red buckeye

Aesculus turbinata——————-Japanese horse chestnut

punto rojo More information on horse chestnut

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

15 May, 2023

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