Poplar cultivation

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How to grow black poplar

Characteristics of Populus nigra



February – March. Deciduous tree generally lengthened by the presence of lateral branches of vertical growth. Leaves till 7 cm, rhomboid or broadly triangular with the border largely toothed, glabrous and bright in the two faces. “Var. italica Duroi” – picture -, called Lombardy poplar, presents wider leaves with marked apex and more vertical growth. They can reach 35 m.


They like humid soils, although they are able to live in places where they don’t receive the enough quantity of superficial water thanks to their potent roots that look for it in the deepest layers of the underground.

gardening pot

For squares or gardens for their imposing aspect as well as to provide a thick shade. Also as screen to stop the winds, planted in array. It is a tree that grows quickly, so that it is used it, in extensive plantation, for the elaboration of weak timber, being this weaker than that of “Populus x canadiensis“.

Industrial uses: It is a very fast growing tree, so it is used in extensive planting to provide timber. The wood is soft and weak, even more than Populus x canadensis. It is easy to work, although short-lived. It is used to produce low-quality materials such as boxes, pallets, crates, matches, frames, wooden lower quality structures and, especially, in the production of cellulose for making paper pulp.

The wood was sometimes used as a substitute for cork since, having a low density, it has a great buoyancy.

From the young branches, by cutting and leaving them immersed in water for 24 hours, we have a product with hormonal properties used for rooting cuttings.

Medicinal Uses: Used mainly for its antirheumatic properties, diuretic and to treat pain. (More about its medicinal properties in the listing above)


To be cultivated in the sun.


By means of cuttings in winter. Under conditions of humid soil, they have a great capacity of self-reproducing by means of seeds that germinate easily. An appropriate location should be chosen, to avoid that the powerful roots ruin human buildings.


Preferably rich in organic matter, well drained and humid.

Another species of “Populus

Populus alba ——————— White poplar, silver poplar

Populus angustifolia ——————-………………

Populus balsamifera ——————-…………………

Populus x canadiensis ————– Canadian poplar

Populus candicans —————–…………….

Populus canescens ————–………………

Populus ciliata —————–…………….

Populus deltoides—————– Eastern poplar, Eastern cottonwood

Populus euphratica ————–…………

Populus fremontii ————– Alamillo, Fremont cottonwood, Western cottonwood

Populus gileadensis ————- ……………..

Populus heterophylla —————–…………….

Populus lasiocarpa ——————- Chinese necklace poplar

Populus maximowiczii ——————Japanese poplar

Populus sieboldii —————–…………….

Populus simonii —————– ……………..

Populus tremula ———————— Common aspen, European aspen

Populus tremuloides ——————— American aspen, quaking aspen

Populus trichocarpa ——————- Balck cottonwood, Western balsam

Populus yunnanesis ———————– Yunnan poplar

punto rojo More information about plants cultivation.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

21 January, 2020

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.