Cystitis characteristics

This article was endorsed by Irene Mazzuca - Doctor of Medicine from the University of Rome "La Sapienza"

What is cystitis?

Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder caused by a urinary tract infection.

It occurs more frequently in women because they have a greater facility to become contaminated with the feces, and because of the shortest length of their urethra (about 4 cm in women and around 13 in men), thus making it more easily for the bacteria to reach urinary tract and bladder.

It is more common in older men due to most common problems in the prostate and sphincter control.

Symptoms of cystitis

The main symptoms of cystitis are

  • Pain at your side
  • Painful urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Foul-smelling or bloody urine
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Fever
  • Etc.

Causes of cystitis

The main causes that can produce inflammations in the bladder are:

  • Microorganisms: Most kidney infections are caused by bacteria, usually E. coli, which penetrate the body
  • Poor hygiene. Sometimes urinary tract infections are caused by poor hygiene habits after defecation so that, especially in women who have a shorter urethra or urine collection channel than men, stool microbes they are more easily accessed through it. The same problem can happen when, after maintaining relationships, there is not adequate hygiene in the area. Other times, the contact of dirty hands with the intimate area can favor the appearance of infections.
  • Diseases: Certain diseases, like diabetes, kidney stones, the inflammation of the prostate, etc.
  • Contaminated objects: The access of contaminated objects into the urinary or genital tract as it happens, for example, in using tampons or diaphragms, may be another cause of kidney infections.
  • Traumatisms: Impacts, falls, accidents at work, sports, etc. can cause inflammation.
  • Little fluid intake / low urination / slightly acid urine: : The urine prevents the penetration of the bacteria that are expelled through this to the outside. Heavy water drinking is a way to increase the body fluids and facilitate urination. An acidic urine is also an unsuitable medium for bacteria to grow.

Prevention of cystitis

In order to avoid the appearance of infections in the bladder we would have to consider the following considerations:

  • Caring for the hygiene: A good hygiene is essential after defecation. It is important that the washing is carried out from front to back to prevent microorganisms from entering through the urethra. This rule applies particularly to women to prevent urinary tract infections such as vaginal infections. Washing the genital area after sex is another welcome measure. It is also recommended to change underwear on a daily basis.
  • Avoid contaminated objects: We should be extremely careful not to contaminate the objects that can access this area (tampons, diaphragms, spermicidal products, etc.).
  • A proper diet:Adequate food, high in fiber and acidic foods (blueberries, lemons, oranges, grape, potatoes, etc.), with little sugar presence, not only helps to the fight against the constipation and accumulation of bacteria in the body, but acidifies the urine, creating an unsuitable environment for the development of bacteria.
  • Increase water consumption: An abundant urination facilitates the expulsion of microorganisms.

Diagnosis of cystitis

In the event of symptoms that presuppose the existence of an inflammation of the bladder, the first thing that is imposed is the visit to the doctor or specialist so that, through the pertinent analysis, it determines the causes of this inflammation, which can occur due to bacterial infection or by other non-infectious diseases, such as kidney stones, inflammation of the kidneys, cysts, etc.

What tests will the doctor do?

The reference test for the diagnosis of cystitis consists of an analysis of the urine in which it is determined whether there are bacteria or white blood cells in it, followed by a urine culture that allows the identification of the microorganism that caused the cystitis and its quantification. Second-level examinations are radiographs, urographs, cytoscopies, etc.

Cystitis treatment

The treatment of cystitis consists mainly of the application of antibiotics appropriate to the characteristics of the microorganisms.

Other measures include frequent washing of the genital area, especially before and after intercourse.

More information on renal problems

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

21 July, 2020

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