Cystitis characteristics

This article was endorsed by Irene Mazzuca - Doctor of Medicine from the University of Rome "La Sapienza"

What is cystitis?

Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder caused by a urinary tract infection.

It occurs more frequently in women because they have a greater facility to become contaminated with the feces, and because of the shortest length of their urethra (about 4 cm in women and around 13 in men), thus making it more easily for the bacteria to reach urinary tract and bladder.

It is more common in older men due to most common problems in the prostate and sphincter control.

Symptoms of cystitis

The main symptoms of cystitis are

  • Pain at your side
  • Painful urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Foul-smelling or bloody urine
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Fever
  • Etc.

Causes of cystitis

The main causes that can produce inflammations in the bladder are:

  • Microorganisms: Most kidney infections are caused by bacteria, usually E. coli, which penetrate the body
  • Poor hygiene.
  • Diseases: Certain diseases, like diabetes, kidney stones, the inflammation of the prostate, etc.
  • Contaminated objects: The access of contaminated objects into the urinary or genital tract as it happens, for example, in using tampons or diaphragms, may be another cause of kidney infections.
  • Traumatisms: Impacts, falls, accidents at work, sports, etc. can cause inflammation.
  • Little fluid intake / low urination / slightly acid urine: : The urine prevents the penetration of the bacteria that are expelled through this to the outside. Heavy water drinking is a way to increase the body fluids and facilitate urination. An acidic urine is also an unsuitable medium for bacteria to grow.

Prevention of cystitis

In order to avoid the appearance of infections in the bladder we would have to consider the following considerations:

  • Caring for the hygiene: A good hygiene is essential after defecation. It is important that the washing is carried out from front to back to prevent microorganisms from entering through the urethra. This rule applies particularly to women to prevent urinary tract infections such as vaginal infections. Washing the genital area after sex is another welcome measure. It is also recommended to change underwear on a daily basis.
  • Avoid contaminated objects: We should be extremely careful not to contaminate the objects that can access this area (tampons, diaphragms, spermicidal products, etc.).
  • A proper diet:Adequate food, high in fiber and acidic foods (blueberries, lemons, oranges, grape, potatoes, etc.), with little sugar presence, not only helps to the fight against the constipation and accumulation of bacteria in the body, but acidifies the urine, creating an unsuitable environment for the development of bacteria.
  • Increase water consumption: An abundant urination facilitates the expulsion of microorganisms.

Diagnosis of cystitis

Before the appearance of symptoms that presuppose the existence of an inflammation of the bladder, the first thing to do is to visit the doctor or specialist who, through analysis, will determine the causes of this inflammation.

More information on renal problems

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

19 June, 2020

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