What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by bone fragility due to loss of minerals and proteins. It occurs in a gradual manner from 30 or 35 years old, when the body has accumulated the largest possible volume bone mass.
In this disease bones become thinner and less dense, making them less resistant and more fragile.
Consequences of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is the main cause of broken bones, especially of the hips, vertebrae or wrists, which cause a large number of hospitalizations and invalidity.
It is estimated that half of the women suffer some bone break in the postmenopause.
Apart from possible bone fractures, this disease produces other consequences, such as loss of height or the appearance of the hump on the back of the elderly.
The teeth have less resistance and can break or detach from the gums more easily. Also, people with osteoporosis feel great bone pain.
Whom does osteoporosis mainly affect?
It is a disease that affects most people as they get older, so that 50% of people 75 years old have it. It mainly affects women, especially after menopause.
The percentage of older men is much lower as it only affects one of every eight, appearing with more relevant symptoms when they stop producing testosterone.
Symptoms of osteoporosis
The main symptoms of osteoporosis are:
- Weakness of the bones
- Usual fractures for no apparent reason
- The appearance of a hump
- Back pain
- Broken teeth
Diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis
Given the appearance of symptoms that may indicate the existence of osteoporosis, a visit to the specialist is recommended to diagnose the possible existence of this disease, which must be treated quickly to avoid the least possible loss of bone mass.
It is recommended that women perform the bone density test (densitometry) when they have reached menopause, even if they do not have symptoms of decalcification.
Men should monitor the state of their bones from the age of 65.
More information on osteoporosis
21 July, 2020