.Home Dictionary Free magazine Courses Forum Bibliography Recommend this page

 

 

BACK TO ALKALOIDS

HOLLY


Scientific noun: Ilex aquifolium L.

 
Family: Aquifoliaceae
 
Habitat: Woods of beeches and oaks in humid climates.
 

Components:

. Theobromin

- Ursolic and ilexic acid

- Tannins

- Rutin

- Gum

. Ilexantine

. Ilicin

 
Active parts: Leaves and, specially, fruits.
 

Uses :

Medicinal:

It can be used as a diuretic, febrifuge, purgative and tranquilizer. However, the toxicity of some of its components deserves some special treatment. ( More information)

 

Cynegetics

The bark of this plant produces a resin that is used to make a gum some bird hunter use to catch birds.

Symbol of Christmas

Because of its attractive fruits and its peculiar pricking leaves, it is one one the most used Christmas plants to ornate houses. People generally cut its branches, plenty of gorgeous red ball-like fruits . ( More information on Christmas plants)

 

 

 

Toxicity : Very high. The fruits are very toxic, specially for the children, who are attracted by their bright colour. Ingesting more than 20, can be lethal for a child.

Effects: The ingestion of fruits, because of their content in ilicin, is very poisonous for the digestive tract and can produce very irritating effects in the stomach or intestines. Their principles can attack the nervous system and heart.

Their big content in resins can produce intestinal obstructions.

Symptoms: Vomiting, swallowing difficulty , blurred vision, irregular heartbeat , respiratory difficulty , convulsions and , in more extreme cases, death.

Treatment: Induced vomiting, gastric lavage , artificial respiration, respiratory stimulants and laxative administration.

 

Cultivation

 
The world of plants

Copyright ©1999-2014 Botanical-online SL. All rights reserved

Design:

www.dibujosparapintar.com