Plant Magazine of Botanical-online September 2017

Natural remedies

Honeysuckle species

Lonicera caprifolium

LONICERA SPECIES

How many honeysuckles are there?

The genus Lonicera comprises about 180 species of plants of the caprifoliaceae family that live in temperate zones. They can be shrubs or lianas

They are climbers with perennial or deciduous leaves. All of them have opposite leaves and flowers with the bilabial corolla, and the corolla tube generally quite long.

Most flowers usually offer intense aromas and very sweet nectar to attract pollinators and favor pollination (moths, bees or birds).

In English they are called honeysuckles, a word referring to the nectar that the majority of the flowers of this gender produce.

Honeysuckle species

Among the most known species we have:

lonicera etrusca

(Lonicera etrusca)

Lonicera implexa

(Lonicera implexa)

- Etruscan Honeysuckle (Lonicera etrusca) Like Lonicera caprifolium, it presents the upper leaves joined forming a kind of cup from where the flowers come out, however it differs from the common honeysuckle in that the flowers of the Etruscan honeysuckle are not seated but they are placed at the end of a peduncle.

The reddish fruits of this plant are also poisonous. It inhabits Mediterranean areas and may be deciduous or semi-mature.

-Evergreen Honeysuckle: (Lonicera implexa) Mediterranean shrub up to 3 m. Yellowish red flowers that are born from the top leaves joined in a cup shape on peduncles. Orange fruits.

- European honeysuckle: (Lonicera periclymenum) Native plant of Europe that reaches 6 m in height and grows in the forests. It presents creamy yellow flowers, white or pink and cream in the form of small trumpet and with a very good aroma. They are in bloom during the months of May and August.. Fruits are red

- Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) From East Asia, it reaches 9 meters in height. It has been used as a garden plant in many parts of the world for its ease of growth and its ability to cover hedges or fences.

Its adaptive capacity makes it an invasive species in many places where it has been imported, to the point that it manages to kill many of the trees or shrubs on which it hangs, since its roots produce substances that stop the growth of the others plants.

It has thick leaves of a dark green and yellow flowers that appear in late summer or early fall. Its fruits are black.

Lonicera periclymenum
(Lonicera periclymenum)

Lonicera japonica
(Lonicera japonica)

Main species and varieties of Lonicera

Lonicera acuminata Wall.
Lonicera affinis
Lonicera alberti Regel
Lonicera albiflora Torr. & Gray
Lonicera alpeiensis Hsu et H.J.Wang
Lonicera alpigena
Lonicera altmannii Regel et Schmalh.
Lonicera x americana
Lonicera angustilfolia Wall. ex DC.
Lonicera anisocalyx Rehd.
Lonicera arborea
Lonicera arizonica Rehd.
Lonicera biflora
Lonicera bourtnei Hemsl.
Lonicera brevisepala Hsu et H. J. Wang
Lonicera buchananii Lace
Lonicera buddleioides Hsu et S. C. Cheng
Lonicera caerulea L.
Lonicera calcarata Hemsl.
Lonicera calvescens (Chun et How) Hsu et H. J.
Lonicera canadensis Bartr. ex Marsh.
Lonicera caprifolium L.
Lonicera carnosifolia C. Y. Wu ex Hsu et H. J. Wang
Lonicera carnosifolis
Lonicera chrysantha Turcz. ex Ledeb.
Lonicera ciliosa (Pursh) Poir. ex DC.
Lonicera ciliosissima C. Y. Wu ex Hsu et H. J. Wang
Lonicera cinerea Pojark.
Lonicera codonantha Rehd.
Lonicera confusa (Sweet) DC.
Lonicera conjugialis Kellogg
Lonicera crassifolia Batal.
Lonicera cyanocarpa Franch.
Lonicera dasystyla Rehd.
Lonicera deflexicalix
Lonicera dioica var. dioica L.
Lonicera elisae Franch.
Lonicera etrusca
Lonicera fargesii Franch.
Lonicera ferdinandii Franch.
Lonicera ferruginea Rehd.
Lonicera flava Sims
Lonicera fragilis Lévl.
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. et Paxt.
Lonicera fulvotomentösa Hsu et S.C. Cheng
Lonicera glutinosa
Lonicera gracilipes glabra
Lonicera graebneri Rehd.
Lonicera gynochlamydea Hemsl.

Lonicera x heckrottii
Lonicera hellenica
Lonicera hemsleyana (O. Ktze.) Rehd.
Lonicera henryi

Lonicera heterophylla Decne.
Lonicera hildebrandiana Coil. et Hemsl.
Lonicera hirsuta Eat.
Lonicera hispida Pall. ex Roem. et Schult.
Lonicera hispidula (Lindl.) Dougl. ex Torr. & Gray
Lonicera humilis Kar. et Kir.
Lonicera hypoglauca Miq.
Lonicera hypoleuca Decne.
Lonicera implexa
Lonicera inconspicua Batal.
Lonicera inodora W. W. Smith
Lonicera interrupta Benth.
Lonicera involucrata Banks ex Spreng.
Lonicera japonica Thunb.
Lonicera jilongensis Hsu et H.J. Wang
Lonicera kansuensis (Batal. ex Rehd.)
Lonicera kawakamii (Hayata) Masam.
Lonicera korolkowii Stapf
Lonicera lanceolata Wall.
Lonicera ledebourii
Lonicera ligustrina Wall.
Lonicera litangensis Batal.
Lonicera longilflora (Lindl.) DC.
Lonicera longituba H. T. Chang ex Hsu et H. J. Wang
Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Maxim.
Lonicera macrantha (D. Don) Spreng.
Lonicera macranthoides Hand.-Mazz.
Lonicera maximowiczii (Rupr.) Regel
Lonicera microphylla Wllld. ex Roem. et Schult.
Lonicera minuta Batal.
Lonicera minutifolia Kitam.
Lonicera modesta Rehd.
Lonicera morrowii Gray
Lonicera mucronata Rehd.
Lonicera myrtilllus Hook. f. et Thoms.
Lonicera nervosa Maxim.
Lonicera nigra Lonicera
Lonicera nitida
Lonicera nubium (Hand.-Mazz.) Hand.-Mazz.
Lonicera nummulariifolia
Lonicera oblata Hao ex Hsu et H.J. Wang
Lonicera oblongifolia
Lonicera oiwakensis Hayata
Lonicera oreodoxa H. Smith ex Rehd.
Lonicera orientalis
Lonicera pampaninii Lévl.
Lonicera periclymenum L.
Lonicera pileata Oliv.
Lonicera pilosa
Lonicera praeflorens Batal.

Lonicera prostrata Rehd.
Lonicera x purpusii
Lonicera pyrenaica
Lonicera quinquelocularis
Lonicera reticulata Raf.
Lonicera retusa Franch.
Lonicera rhytidophylla Hand.-Mazz.
Lonicera rupicola Hook. f. et Thoms.
Lonicera ruprechtiana Regel
Lonicera saccata Rehd.
Lonicera schneideriana Rehd.
Lonicera semenovii Regel
Lonicera sempervirens L.
Lonicera serreana Hand.-Mazz.
Lonicera setifera Franch.
Lonicera similis Hemsl.
Lonicera spinosa Jacq. ex Walp.
Lonicera splendida
Lonicera standishii Jacques
Lonicera stephanocarpa Franch.
Lonicera subaequalis Rehd.
Lonicera subhispida Nakai
Lonicera sublabiata Hsu et H. J. Wang
Lonicera subspicata Hook. & Arn.
Lonicera szechuanica Batal.
Lonicera taipeiensis
Lonicera tangutica Maxlm.
Lonicera tatarica L.
Lonicera tatarinowii Maxim.
Lonicera x tellmanniana
Lonicera tomentella Hook.f. et Thoms.
Lonicera tragophylla Hemsl.
Lonicera tricalysioides
Lonicera trichogyne
Lonicera trichogyne Rehd.
Lonicera trichosantha Bur. et Franch.
Lonicera trichosepala (Rehd.) Hsu
Lonicera tubliflora Rehd.
Lonicera utahensis S. Wats.
Lonicera venulosa
Lonicera villosa (Michx.) J.A. Schultes
Lonicera virgultorum W. W. Smith
Lonicera webbiana Wall. ex DC.
Lonicera x bella
Lonicera x heckrottii Rehd.
Lonicera x minutiflora Zabel
Lonicera x notha Zabel
Lonicera x xylosteoides Tausch
Lonicera xylosteum L.
Lonicera yunnanensis Franch.

More information on honeysuckle in the listing above.

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