The gourd family -cucurbitaceae- comprises about 700 species spread mainly in warm countries. They
are annual climbing plants. They are very valuable because of their huge eatable fruits (melon, pumpkin, cucumber,
Leaves (1) : Generally palmately lobed.
Stems (2): Climbing, sometimes with tendrils.(3)
Unisexual : and
Calyx (4): 5 sepals joined below.
Corolla (5) : 5 petals joined below.
Stamens: 5 free, or 3 which seem free (1 free and 2 becoming from the union of 2 each one.) or 1 made
by joining 5.
It comprises about 90 genera. The most important ones are the following: