The heather family – ericaceae- includes about 200 species of plants scattered throughout the world. They are mainly bushes or little trees.
Some of them, as the azaleas, have a very big importance in gardening.
Other, as the Rhododendrons, besides being used as medicinal plants in spite of their toxic components, play a fundamental part as protectors of the erosion in most of the mountains of the world except in Australia or África, by being located in superior heights to 2000 m.
|Leaves (1): simple, generally perennial, without stipules.|
|Stems (2): Ligneous.|
|Flowers: With radial symmetry.|
|Calyx (3): 4-6 free sepals.|
|Corolla (4): 4- 5 joined petals, tubullar- shaped.|
|Stamens: Generally with the double length of sepals, with anthers inverted.|
|Ovary: superior, only in Vaccinium is inferior.|
|Fruit: Capsule.. and Sometimes a berry|
The most remarkable ones are the following: