Types of fruits

Fleshy fruits

A) Fleshy simple fruits:

Are those containing a more or less soft pericarp. In other words, those offering “fleshy material” around the “stone”. Besides, they all derive from a single ovary, so they can be considered simple fruits. The following are types of fleshy simple fruits.

Berries

They are fruits with very soft epicarp and with the mesocarp and endocarp very fleshy. For instance:

Grapes

Tomato

Banana

GRAPE

TOMATO

BANANA

Hesperidiums

They are fruits containing fleshy stuff between the endocarp and the seeds. Carpels are closed.

Lemon

Orange

LEMON

ORANGE

Pepos

They are fruits that come from an inferior ovary with the outer part of the pericarp stiffened. For instance:

Melon

Pumpkin

MELON

pumkin

Drupes or stones

They are fruits with a fleshy mesocarp and a stone-like stiffened endocarp, where the seed is. For example:

Almond

Peach

almond

PEACH

Plum

Olive

plum

OLIVE

Pomes

They are fruits with soft mesocarp a coriaceous endocarp. They become from an inferior ovary. For example:

Apples

Pears

APPLE

pear

B) Fleshy aggregate fruits:

Like the fruits studied before, they also contain a soft pericarp but they do not come from flowers containing a single ovary, but from single flowers with many carpels or ovaries. Some examples:

Polydrupes

They are aggregate fruits that combine several drupes at the same time, like in the case of:

strawberries

blackberries

strawberry

blackberry

C) Fleshy multiply fruits:

They are fleshy fruits that derive from compound independent flowers, like in the case of:

figs

pineapple

fig

pineapple

ACTIVITY

Do the following activity before completint the text:

Activity 13: The fruits (Fill the gaps)

Look at the following pictures and choose the suitable answer:

What kind of fruits can you see at the picture?

cerezas

Berries

Pomes

Drupes

These fruits are:

aguacate

Hesperidiums

Polydrupes

Drupes

And these ones can be considered:

berenjena

Berries

Pepos

Drupes

Fruit characteristicsGo back to main page about “The fruits”

To know more about “The fruits”Dry fruits

punto rojo More information about plants cultivation.

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing
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Article updated on: 22 April, 2019

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.
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