Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae )

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.

Characteristics of buttercup family plants

Aquilegia vulgaris

Photo of Aquilegia vulgaris L.

The Buttercup family – ranunculaceae – comprises about 2000 species of plants mainly spread in temperate countries.

Most of them are herbs and lianas having big flowers, so they are very valuable in gardening.

They are also very well known because many of them are poisonous plants.

Ranunculus asiaticus

buttercap draw

Leaves (1): Generally alternate and divided; some genera such as clematis are opposite.(2)

Stems (3): In most of the cases they are herbaceous. In clematis, ligneous.

Flowers: (4)

Very changing..

Calyx: 5 sepals- clematis has four (5). Sometimes sepals are colored, reminding petals. Some genera – hepatica, for example have bracts under the sepals very similar to a calyx.

Clematis alpina

buttercap draw

Corolla: 5 petals. Under them some species have nectar glands which in cases as aquilegia (6) o Delphinium (7) extend themselves behind the petals like horns.

Aquilegia vulgaris

buttercap draw

Stamens: Numerous.

Ovary: Superior.

Carpels: Numerous.

Delphinium nudicale

buttercap draw

Fruit:

Follicles (8) and achenes.

Helleborus foetidus

buttercap draw

Genera

The most important ones are the following:

ACTAEA

ACONITUM

ADONIS

ANEMONE

AQUILEGIA

CALLIANTHEMUM

CALTHA

CERATOCEPHALUS

CLEMATIS

CONSOLIDA

DELPHINIUM

GARIDELLA

HELLEBORUS

HEPATICA

ISOPYRUM

MYOSORUS

NIGELLA

PULSATILLA

RANUNCULUS

THALICTRUM
TROLLIUS

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Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

22 April, 2019

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.
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