Rose family (Rosaceae)

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.

Characteristics of rose family plants

rose
Photo of rose

The Rose family – rosaceae – comprises about 3000 species of plants mainly spread in temperate countries.

They are herbs, trees, shrubs and climbing plants.

Some of them are very important as edible fruit trees (Almonds, cherries, apples, pears, etc.) or as cultivated flowers (roses, for example).

rose draw

Leaves (1): Generally alternate, composite or simple with stipules.
Stems (2): Very changing.Erect or climbing. Ligneous or herbaceous.
Flowers: (3)

Regular, generally with 5 segments in each verticil. In some genera 4.

Calyx: 5 free sepals rose draw

rose draw

Corolla: 5 free petals.
Stamens: Many
Ovary: Inferior o semi inferior
Carpels: Many
Fruit:

Drupes (4), poms (5) and achenes (6)

rose draw

Genera

The most important ones are the following:

AGRIMONIA

ALCHEMILLA

AMELANCHIER

APHANES

ARUNCUS

COTONEASTER

CRATAEGUS

CYDONIA

DRYAS

ERIOBOTRYA

FILIPENDULA

FRAGARIA

GEUM

MALUS

MESPILUS

POTENTILLA

PRUNUS

PYRACANTHA

PYRUS

ROSA

RUBUS

SANGUISORBA

SIBBALDIA

SORBUS

SPIRAEA

BACK TO FAMILIES

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

10 March, 2020

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.
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