Characteristics of olive tree

What is an olive tree

Characteristics of olive tree (Olea europaea)

illustration
A detail of the plant with the leaves, fruits and flower

Common noun: Olive tree

Scientific noun: Olea europaea L.

Family: Olive family – Oleaceae

Habitat: The cultivated specimen can be found inside the area of Mediterranean influence of unirrigated lands. Wild olive tree (Olea europaea var. sylvestris) appears in dry places of Mediterranean climate.

Description of olive tree

Perennial tree of the Olive family – Oleaceae – up to 15 m.

Grayish stems when tree is young, darker as it grows. Bark desegregates into squared pieces.

Opposite leaves, till 8 cm., lanceolate, coriaceous, bright up, whitish below.

Fruits in drupe (Olive), edible.

The cultivated specimen can be found inside the area of Mediterranean influence of unirrigated lands. Wild olive tree (Olea europaea var. sylvestris) appears in dry places of Mediterranean climate.

Picking-up and storing: Leaves and bark can be collected throughout the year. Olives in autumn or winter. Leaves and bark must be dried and kept in a dry, well.- closed container..

Components of Olive tree

  • Leaves: Glycoside oleouropein, tannins, dextrose,, hydrocarbons…
  • Fruits: Oil (mainly formed by oleic acid – monounsaturated fat acid – and in less quantity by the acids linoleic palmitic…

Useful parts of Olive tree

The leaves, the fruits and the bark.

punto rojo More information on olive tree

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

30 April, 2021

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