Pansy cultivation

How to cultivate pansies

Common pansy (Viola tricolor = Viola wittrockiana) is one of the few plants that bloom in midwinter and remains in bloom for months, being one of the most versatile species in gardening. Sometimes, these flowers, which are edible, are used for decorating dishes.

Pansies in pot

Pansies in pot

Characteristics of the cultivation of the pansy plant

Pansies require little care, adapting to all types of climate and to different types of soil. Their appearance is very decorative: dense foliage, intense green, and with colorful and colorful flowers. There are many varieties of pansies, with flowers of very varied colors and different tonalities, up to three different colors.

In gardening, this type of plants are used for decorating gardens, usually planted in pots. They can be combined with many types of ornamental plants. For example, in the humid countries of central Europe we find them combined with tulips, daffodils or Nazarenes, because they are plants with similar needs for humidity.

They can also be planted under the trees, as cover plants, although, in this case, it is best to do it under the deciduous trees, so that they can take advantage of the sun and light during the winter and spring.

Location: where to place the pots of pansies

Pansies do not grow well in poorly ventilated or interior places. They should be placed in an outdoor place and protected from the wind. They grow in full sun or in semi-shade.

Flower pot with different types of pansies

Flower pot with different types of pansies

Care of the pansy plant in summer and winter

The hottest times are the hot summer days. During summer months, pansies should not be left exposed to full sun. During winter frosts, protect when there is prolonged frost.

Where to place pancies in the garden

It is a plant that is used as an outdoor plant. Place in full sun or in semi-shade, protected from the wind. In summer, avoid excessive sun exposure, especially on very sunny days or the hottest hours, because the flowers would wither.

pansy flower

Photo of pansy flower

Irrigation and moisture of pansies

Regular watering, especially before flowering. The petals should not get wet. Watering at most every 2 weeks.

Avoid water puddles as they produce root rot.

It is also not advisable to space the irrigation too much, since they always need some moisture. In winter, water when there is no frost.

Transplant and planting of pansies in pots

Photo of pansies in a window, very decorative.

Photo of pansies in a window, very decorative.

Pansies require loose soil, not very rich and well drained.

Plant them in pots, flowerbeds, planters, hanging baskets, etc.

How to reproduce a pansy plant

A pancy reproduces by means of seedbed, at the end of winter. Step planting, to have flowers throughout the year, in the early or middle spring nursery.

Germination at 10 – 15 days.

Transplant when the plants are large enough to handle them.

Pansy flowering

This plant blooms throughout the year. The dried heads should be cut to stimulate the flowering of new shoots.

In winter they may need protection against frost, such as covering them with an insulating material (that does not touch the plant and leaves enough space to breathe).

They can be attacked by aphids.

punto rojo More information on pansy.

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

14 April, 2020

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