Pea family -leguminoseae-
Photo of Spartium junceum L.
The pea family -Fabaceae, Leguminosae or Papilionaceae- has about 19.400 species of plants growing mainly in the temperate regions.
The most common species are herbs, but some of them are shrubs and trees, too.
Leaves (1): composite, seldom single, with very conspicuous stipules. (2) in many cases ending in tendrils or filaments (3). Sometimes leaves are reduced to spines.
Calyx (4): 5 joined sepals.
Corolla: 5 petals. One at the top, called standard (5); two sided ones, called wings (6) and two joined ones below which form the keel (7)
Stamens: 10 usually joined into a tube.
Fruit: Pod (8) dehiscent into two valves.
They are about 450 genera. The most important ones are the following:
(Vicia cracca subsp. incana)
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