Pea family -leguminoseae

Pea family plants characteristics

Spartium junceum detalle

Photo of Spartium junceum L.

The pea family –Fabaceae, Leguminosae or Papilionaceae– has about 19.400 species of plants growing mainly in the temperate regions.

The most common species are herbs, but some of them are shrubs and trees, too.

Leaves (1): composite, seldom single, with very conspicuous stipules. (2) in many cases ending in tendrils or filaments (3). Sometimes leaves are reduced to spines.

pea draw

Flowers:
In racemes.
Calyx (4): 5 joined sepals.
Corolla: 5 petals. One at the top, called standard (5); two sided ones, called wings (6) and two joined ones below which form the keel (7)

pea draw

Stamens: 10 usually joined into a tube.
Style: 1
Ovary: superior
Fruit: Pod (8) dehiscent into two valves.

Genera

They are about 450 genera. The most important ones are the following:

ACACIA

ADENOCARPUS

ANAGYRIS

ANTHYLLIS

ASTRAGALUS

CALITOME

CERATONIA

CERCIS

CHAMAECYTISUS

CHAMAESPARTIUM

CICER

COLUTEA

CORONILLA

DORYCNIUM

ERINACEA

GALEGA

GENISTA

GLYCYRRHIZA

HIPPOCREPIS

LATHYRUS

LOTONONIS

LOTUS

LUPINUS

MEDICAGO

MELILOTUS

ONOBRYCHIS

ONONIS

OXYTROPIS

PHASEOLUS

PSORALEA

ROBINIA

ROBINIA

SCORPIURUS SAROTHAMNUS

SPARTIUM

TELINE

TETRAGONOLOBUS

TRIFOLIUM

TRIGONELLA

TRIGONELLA

ULEX

VICIA

(Vicia faba)

(Vicia cracca subsp. incana)

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Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing
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Article updated on: 22 April, 2019

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.
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