What are beans?
Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) are legumes or vegetables, depending of what part of the fruit we eat.
The whole fruits are pods, Containing the seeds inside. These are very similar to kidneys. The bean seeds (dry beans) are considered legumes.
Bean seeds have a thin skin of the same color as the inside. They can vary from white to black events or network.
The bean pods can be easily separated into two equal halves. They are edible and are also considered a vegetable food (green beans)
Bean seeds taste sweet. They have a thick and dense texture.
What are the bean seeds main nutrients?
As an energy source, 100 grams of dry beans give us 355 calories.
Their proportion of nutrients is divided into:
- More than 12% is water.
- A 1.2% fat.
- About 22% of proteins.
- More than 60% carbohydrates.
- A 24.4% fiber.
Vitamins and minerals in dry beans
Dry beans are rich in potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, iron, zinc, manganese and selenium. They have small amounts of copper and sodium.
Dry beans contain vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B3 and vitamin B9. They also have small amounts of other B vitamins, but they also provide us with vitamin E.