Characteristics of broccoli
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. Italica) is a plant of the Brassicaceae family (Cruciferae), to which other edible plants belong, such as cabbage, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower
The name "broccoli" comes from the Latin " brachium", which means "branch" and refers to the branched form of their flower heads
From broccoli, like form cauliflower, we eat mostly the immature flowers and thick stems that precedes them.
Broccoli leaves have petioles elongated limbs with leaves lobed gray-green, very wavy deep lobes.
Diferencies between broccoli and coliflower
The main difference of broccoli and cauliflower is that broccoli flower heads are usually green, the stems of the inflorescences have a loose texture and the inflorescences more often acquire a conical shape.
Cauliflower only forms a central inflorescence, while broccoli develops a central inflorescence surrounded by other ones.
Drawing of broccoli
History of broccoli
The origin of broccolis must be placed in Asia Minor from the wild cabbage. There are texts written 2000 years ago documenting the cultivation of this vegetable.
Broccoli was widely used as food by the Greeks and Romans. It was introduced in Europe in the sixteenth century, through Italy.
Since then, there are many countries where broccoli is a favored food, highlighting Italy and the United States. In this country, some surveys of the favorite foods has shown that both broccoli and cauliflower are the main vegetables chosen by the Americans.
Uses of broccoli
VARIETIES OF BROCCOLI
Among all we could mention the following:
Different types of broccolis according to their general appearance
Different types of broccolis according to the color of their flower heads
Different classes of broccolis because of the production date
Broccoli production in the world
According to FAO data, 2008, the world's largest producer is China (more than 8 million tons), which together with India (more than 5 million tons) provide almost 3 / 5 parts of the world production, estimated at 20 million tonnes.
Other producing countries are: United States (just about 1 million tons), Spain and Italy (about 400,000 tonnes), France and Mexico (about 300,000 tons)
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.