Plant Magazine of Botanical-online September 2017

Natural remedies

Poppy family

Poppy family (Papaveraceae)

Papaver rhoeas

Photo of Papaver rhoeas L.

The Poppy family -Papaveraceae- comprises about 200 species of plants mainly spread in temperate countries.

Most of them are herbs with big colorful flowers.

They are very important because all of them contain alkaloids, therefore they are cultivated as drugs or medicinal plants.

poppy draw

Papaver rhoeas

Leaves (1): Generally alternate and divided; simple or composite without stipules.

stems (2): Herbaceous with latex.

Flowers:

Very big and colorful. Generally solitary and regular.

Calyx: 2sepals which falls in bloom.

Corolla: Generally 4 petals (3)

Stamens: Several.

Ovary: Superior.

Carpels: One. Sometimes several.

Fruit:

Capsule. (4)

poppy draw


Genera

It comprises about 20 genera. The most important ones are the following:

ARGEMONE
CERATOCAPNOS
CHELIDONIUM
CORYDALIS
ESCHSCHOLDIA
FUMARIA
GLACIUM
HYPECOUM
MENOCOPSIS
PAPAVER
PLATYCAPNOS
ROEMERIA
RUPICAPNOS
SARCOCAPNOS

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