Plant Magazine of Botanical-online September 2017

Natural remedies

Fruit types To know more about "The fruits" Fruit characteristics

Dry fruits

What are dry fruits?

Dry fruits are those fruits showing a hard texture. They bear a wood-like leathery appearance and when we press on them we feel they are not soft.

Types of dry fruits

The dry fruits can be classified:

Indehiscent dry fruits

They are those fruits that do not open when becoming ripe, leaving their seeds inside them. We have several types of this kind of fruits but the most important are the following:

Achene

Nut

fruit

nucula

Caryopsis

Samara

cariopsis

samara

-Achenes are fruits with a solitary seed, not attached to the carpel. Sometimes achenes appear joined together in what it is known as poly-achenes.

-Nuts are fruits with a stiffened pericarp, covered with a cupule at the base. (See image of a nut: Kermes oak - Quercus coccifera)

-Caryopsis are fruits with the seed stuck to the pericarp.

-Samaras are winged achenes.

Dehiscent dry fruits

They are fruits that open when they grow up and let their seeds go away.

Follicle

Pod

Silique

folicle

llegum

silicua

Capsule

Pyxidium

capsula

pixidi

-Follicles are fruits with a single carpel. Being ripe, they open one side.

-Pods derive from a single carpel, too. Differently to follicles, they open both sides.

-Siliques come from joined carpels than open when grow up.

-Capsules are fruits derived from compound ovaries. They have many openings.

-Pyxidiums are capsules which open transversely.

Before doing the test, you can do the following activity:

The fruits, activity 13

Activity 14: The fruits (Discover which fruit is) Activity 15: The fruits (Discover which fruit is)

test

Choose the suitable answer:

puntorosaThe fruit of the green bean is:

-An achene

-A pod

-A capsule

puntorosaThe fruit of the poppy is:

-A samara

-A pyxidium

-A capsule

puntorosaThe fruit of the oak is:

-A nut

-An achene

-A follicle

puntorosaThe fruit of the raspberry is:

-A pome

-A polydrupe

-A berry

puntorosaThe fruit of the maple is:

-A samara

-An achene

-A caryopsis

puntorosaThe fruit of the wheat is:

-A nut

-A caryopsis

-An achene

Fruit types To know more about "The fruits" Fruit characteristics

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punto rojo More information about plants cultivation in the listing above.

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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.

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