Characteristics of friedelin
What is friedelin?
Friedelin is a type of terpene that is known as triterpene, because it is made up of thirty carbons.
Friedelin is a type of terpenoid, that is, it is a chemically modified organic compound, derived from isoprene (an organic compound with five carbon atoms).
Examples of terpenes and terpenoids in the plant world
- The essential oils of plants such as orange, lemon, eucalyptus, pines and many others contain terpenes such as limonene, eucalyptol or pinene.
- Retinol is another example of a terpenoid, and is also the main form of vitamin A in human diets. From vegetable carotenes, retinal is formed, which is derived in retinol.
What function does friedelin have?
What plants contain this chemical compound?
Some of the plants richest in friedelin are common violet (Viola odorata, 160 *PPM, found in the leaves), West Indian welm (Guazuma ulmifolia, 430 *PPM, found in the bark) and especially species such as African plum or red stinkwood (Prunus africana, 28900 *PPM, found in the bark).
(*PPM = Parts per million, unit of measure to calculate concentration.)
25 January, 2022