Properties of friedelin

Characteristics of friedelin

What is friedelin?

viola odorata
The common violet plant or Viola odorata is rich in friedelin

Friedelin is a type of terpene that is known as triterpene, because it is made up of thirty carbons.

Friedelin is a type of terpenoid, that is, it is a chemically modified organic compound, derived from isoprene (an organic compound with five carbon atoms).

Examples of terpenes and terpenoids in the plant world

  • The essential oils of plants such as orange, lemon, eucalyptus, pines and many others contain terpenes such as limonene, eucalyptol or pinene.
  • Retinol is another example of a terpenoid, and is also the main form of vitamin A in human diets. From vegetable carotenes, retinal is formed, which is derived in retinol.

What function does friedelin have?

This triterpenoid is a plant metabolite that has been found to play an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic on the human body .

What plants contain this chemical compound?

Some of the plants richest in friedelin are common violet (Viola odorata, 160 *PPM, found in the leaves), West Indian welm (Guazuma ulmifolia, 430 *PPM, found in the bark) and especially species such as African plum or red stinkwood (Prunus africana, 28900 *PPM, found in the bark).

(*PPM = Parts per million, unit of measure to calculate concentration.)

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

25 January, 2022

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