VEGETARIANISM: PROBLEMS WITH CHOLINE IN VEGETARIAN DIETS
HOW CAN VEGETARIAN PEOPLE TAKE ENOUGH CHOLINE
What is choline?
Choline is an amine that it is considered an essential nutrient for proper brain functioning.
Choline mainly resides in foods of animal origin, so it can be difficult to meet its requirements in those people who make a vegetarian diet.
Choline deficiency is also possible in people consuming too much alcohol or people who are elite athletes.
Functions of choline in our body
Choline is essential for proper neuronal function and memory, for a good development of membranes and nervous system in general (also in the fetal stage) to prevent the baby to be born prematurely, for proper muscle and bone growth.
Choline deficiency can cause infertility, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, liver problems and certain types of cancer.
A diet rich in choline may help to decrease the risk of some cancers such as breast cancer.
There is evidence that choline acts as an antiinflammatory, that it minimizes the symptoms of allergic reactions as annoying as in the case of rhinitis, or it diminishes the symptoms of anxiety. It has not been shown to to be efficient in cases of depression.
Foods rich in choline
There are some plant foods that also contain choline and that we must keep in mind if we are vegetarians to avoid unnecessary problems and avoidable diseases.
Choline intake recommendations
The choline intake recommendations are 425 mg / day for women and 550 mg / day for men.
When the needed amount is not achieved by means of our diet, there is the option of taking choline supplements.
In the following table of foods we can compare the amounts of choline in some foods, either of animal origin or from plants.
|Animal foods||Amount of choline (mg)|
|Whole milk powder||119|
|Vegetable foods||Amount of choline (mg)|
|Vegetal oil from soy lecithin||350|
More information about problems in vegetarianism.
25 December, 2021