Fumitory toxicity

What toxic principles does fumaria have?

Drawing of fumaria
Drawing of Fumaria © Daniel Martinez Bou

Alkaloids: (Canadian, protopine-fumarin-, fumaricin, fumariline, stylopine, cryptonine, sanguinarine, coryladin …)

The main of all is the fumarin, (0.13%) that if on the one hand seems to grant antihistamine, antiasthmatic and antiarrhythmic properties, on the other hand in continuous doses can lead to respiratory problems.

Fumaric acid. (C4H4O4) present in the body and constituting a very active element that must be administered with great care.

Although it has been used for the treatment of psoriasis, it must be done prudently, because too high a treatment leads to an increase in blood sugar levels.

Its properties are being studied as a possible anticancer agent. Industrially, it is used, within the permitted margins, as an acidifying, flavoring and preservative food agent.

Also as an industrial dye and in the manufacture of synthetic resins.

Active parts of fumitory

The whole plant, especially the juice of the leaves.

Uses of fumitory

Fumaria officinalis has been uxed as a natural remedy with the following properties:

– Depurative

– Tonic

– Emollient,



Hipotensive, etc. (See its medicinal properties more detailes in the listing above)

Toxicity of fumitory

The degree of toxicity of this plant is low.

Fumaria officinalis photo

Photo of Fumaria officinalis

Symptoms of fumitory  poisoning

Belly pains, hypertension in lower doses by short treatments and hypotension in high doses by prolonged treatments. Very continuous doses can cause respiratory arrest.

Treatment for fumitory poisoning

Gastric lavage, assisted breathing and clinical assistance in case of high doses.

punto rojo More information about natural medicine.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

28 March, 2019

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.