Rose oil composition

What does rosehip oil contain?

Its seeds contain 8% oil and more than 70% fiber, so its yield is very low, compared to the extraction of oil that is carried out in other seeds or nuts (50% or more of oil).

However, rosehip oil is very interesting for its active components in dermatology, such as linoleic and linolenic acids, retinol and tretinoin.

Rosehip oil is obtained from sweetbriar  rose ( Rosa rubiginosa) or other related wild rose species or varieties , such as musk rose (Rosa moschata)  or  dog rose (Rosa canina)

Rosehip oil fatty acid composition table

All wild rose oils have a similar composition, in which polyunsaturated fatty acids predominate (70-80%):

Composition or rosehip oil in  %
Saturated fatty acids

of whom:

Stearic acid1,71
Palmitic acid3,07
Eicosanoic acid (Arachidic acid)0,72
Monounsaturaturated fatty acids

of whom:

Oleic acid omega 914,12
Octadecanoic acid0,74
Eicosanoic 0,32
Polyunsaturated fatty acids

Of whom:

Linoleic acid (omega 6)44,13
Linolenic acid (omega 3)32,21
* Source: Camilo C.S. Proximal analysis of the uncommon rosehip seeds (Rosa aff. Rubiginosa) and characterization. [Doctoral thesis]: University of Chile. 2008

Non-fatty components of rosehip oil

In addition to its fat content, rosehip oil may contain:

  • Retinol (provitamin A). The oils obtained by cold pressure contain 700% more tretinoin or trans-retinoic acid (active regenerating  ingredient of the skin) than those extracted with solvents and other methods.
  • Glycosides

punto rojo More information on rose oil

This article was endorsed by Montserrat Enrich - Journalist specializing in edible wild plants and plant uses.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

14 May, 2021

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