Rose oil composition

What does rosehip oil contain?

Its seeds contain 8% oil and more than 70% fiber, so its yield is very low, compared to the extraction of oil that is carried out in other seeds or nuts (50% or more of oil) .

However, rosehip oil is very interesting for its active components in dermatology, such as linoleic and linolenic acids, retinol and tretinoin.

Rosehip oil is obtained from sweetbriar  rose ( Rosa rubiginosa) or other related wild rose species or varieties , such as musk rose (Rosa moschata)  or  dog rose (Rosa canina)

Rosehip oil fatty acid composition table

All wild rose oils have a similar composition, in which polyunsaturated fatty acids predominate (70-80%):

Composition or rosehip oil in  %
Saturated fatty acids

of whom:

Stearic acid1,71
Palmitic acid3,07
Eicosanoic acid (Arachidic acid)0,72
Monounsaturaturated fatty acids

of whom:

Oleic acid omega 914,12
Octadecanoic acid0,74
Eicosanoic 0,32
Polyunsaturated fatty acids

Of whom:

Linoleic acid (omega 6)44,13
Linolenic acid (omega 3)32,21
* Source: Camilo C.S. Proximal analysis of the uncommon rosehip seeds (Rosa aff. Rubiginosa) and characterization. [Doctoral thesis]: University of Chile. 2008

Non-fatty components of rosehip oil

In addition to its fat content, rosehip oil may contain:

Retinol (provitamin A). The oils obtained by cold pressure contain 700% more tretinoin or trans-retinoic acid (active regenerating  ingredient of the skin) than those extracted with solvents and other methods.

– Glycosides

punto rojo More information on rose oil

This article was endorsed by Montserrat Enrich - Journalist specializing in edible wild plants and plant uses.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

2 December, 2019

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