Saponins in plants


What are saponins?

Saponins are plant glycosides characterized by foaming in the water when mixed and stirred, which has earned them their status as natural soaps and has led some plants such as common soapwort (Saponaria officinalis) were used as soap for a long time.

What are saponins effects on human body?

Ivy contains saponins

They decrease absorption of food in the digestive tract, so they have been used in slimming diets and to eliminate bronchial mucus.

When ingested in amounts greater than permitted, they are toxic, causing damage to the digestive mucosa manifested in vomiting, stomach pain, bleeding, dizziness, ulcers, etc.

Once passed into the blood, they can damage the kidneys and liver and affect the nervous system. They can even produce cardiac arrest.

Where saponins can be found?

The richest plant is common soapwort (Saponaria officinalis) Among other saponin-rich plants we have: ivy (Hedera helix), butcher’s broom (Ruscus aculeatus), asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), sarsaparilla (Smilax aspera), Scarlet pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis), alfalfa (Medicago sativa), etc.

punto rojoMore information about medicinal plants.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

24 November, 2020

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