PROPERTIES OF FRUIT
Importance of fruit in the human diet
Is fruit very important in the diet?
The importance of fruit in food has been valued since ancient times, to the point that the ancients called "the food of the gods" and gave it magic or divine properties.. There are many references as the temples were full of fruit dedicated to their gods. Fruit appeared in ritual ceremonies as part of the decoration of the temples, objects of worship or dresses.
We can be sure that if we eat fruits and vegetables, we will never have a lack of vitamins or minerals. Water-soluble vitamins (B and C) are not stored in the body, so we need to eat foods that normally contain them.
Eating regularly citrus (oranges, grapefruits, lemons, etc..), berries and peppers, among others, is a good way to get this vitamin.
WHY IS FRUIT SO IMPORTANT IN THE HUMAN DIET?
Fruits are rich in minerals
The acquisition of minerals is essential for good health. Iron, for example, is necessary for the development of hemoglobin, a substance that, in addition to color blood cells red, is responsible for carrying oxygen to the cells.
Hemoglobin deficiency is one factor that causes a disease called anemia. Although there are animal foods such as meat and fish that provide iron, we also can get it from vegetables.
Lentils, for example, are a good source of this mineral.
Fruits are rich in fiber
Fruits provide fiber, that part of the plant that our digestive system can not digest, but it is so important for expelling feces. But plenty of fiber intake is not only just a useful way to prevent constipation. Recent studies have shown that a diet high in fiber reduces cholesterol, helps diabetics control blood sugar and prevents the development of colon cancer. Fruits with lot of fiber are: pears, strawberries, apples, citrus, cranberries, grapes etc.
Fruits contribute to a better metabolism
In addition to provide vitamins and minerals to the body, fruits help achieve acid-base balance of the body by neutralizing excess of acidity.
For its high water content - between 80 and 90% of their weight - it is an ideal way to hydrate your body while you bring enough energy in the form of simple carbohydrates (fructose, sucrose and glucose), all of them very digestible types of sugar.
Fruits contain many phytochemicals
Besides vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates and fiber, we can forget other components called phytochemicals, which turn fruits into a health source. Apple, for example, contains pectin, whose value to treat diarrhea and other gastrointestinal diseases has been known since antiquity.
Grapes contain resveratrol, a dye, which improves circulation and prevents heart attacks.
Pineapples contain bromelain, an enzyme that helps digestion.
Watermelons are one of the best medicines to cleanse your kidneys.
Properties of fruits are numerous and naming them all in this article would be virtually impossible. A tour through the sections of natural foods and medicinal plants within this site will let us know many things about them.
What are the main components of fruit?
The main components that fruits contain are:
Medicinal properties of fruit
All these components do not only help the body to be nourished, but they prevent the onset of many diseases, as it has been demonstrated in studies conducted in recent years.
The main diseases that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables can prevent include the following:
- Obesity: Fruits generally have very few calories and lots of fiber. This allows the body to quench more easily without having to ingest other caloric foods. The regular intake of fruit is a good way to prevent obesity.
- Constipation: Fruit, because of its richness in fiber, facilitates the expulsion of feces from the intestine and prevents constipation or other intestinal diseases such as diverticulosis, the latter more common in older people.
- Heart Attacks: Fruits and vegetables prevent clots in arteries and thin the blood. It has been proved that regular intake of these foods reduced from 20 to 40% the chances of suffering a vascular problem.
- Cancer: Recent studies have shown that fruit is rich in antioxidant compounds able to eliminate free radicals, particles which are responsible for the development of many degenerative diseases, including cancer.
It has been particularly shown that eating regularly fruits and vegetables prevents the development of many cancers, mainly lung and digestive ones (Stomach, esophagus, colon, rectum or mouth, mainly)
More information on fruit in the listing above
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.