Characteristics of purple loosestrife

What is a purple loosestrife plant?

Characteristics of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)

purple loosestrife flower

Purple loosestrife flower

Common noun: Purple loosestrife, Purple lythrum, Rainbow weed, Spiked loosestrife

Scientific noun: Lythrum salicaria L.

Family. Purple loosestrife family – Lythraceae

Habitat: By water streams and humid grasslands.

Description  of purple loosestrife

Perennial plant of the purple loosestrife family – Lythraceae – up to 1,5 m.

Erect stems, hairy, grooved.

Sessile leaves, lanceolate till 7 cm, gathered in whorls of 3 or opposite.

Purple flowers in non-continuous spikes, with 6 petals till 1,5 cm. By water streams and humid grasslands.

Picking -up and storing

Floral summits should be collected in summer. They should be dried in the shade and stored in cloth bags in a fresh and dry spot.

Components of purple loosestrife

  • Acids:
  • Ellagic: Antitumoral, antioxidant, astringent, antiinflammatory, hepatoprotective
  • P-Coumaric: antitumoral,antibacterial, antispasmodic,choleretic
  • Chlorogenic: Antitumoral, antihipercholesterolimic, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, hepatoprotective, cholagogue, vulnerary. (Leaves)
  • Vitexin: antidermatitic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant.(Leaves)
  • Narcissin (Plant)
  • Anthocyanins (Flower)
  • Salicarin (Plant)
  • Pectin: Antidiabetic, antidiarrheic, antiulcerous, peristaltic, hypoglycemic, anticancerous (leaves)
  • Tannins: Antiulcerous, antitumoral, antidiarrheic, hepatoprotector, antibacterial, antioxidant. (Flowers and leaves)

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This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

2 July, 2021

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