Mallow family (Malvaceae)

Characteristics of mallow family plants

Malva sylvestris

Photo of Malva sylvestris L.

The mallow family -malvaceae – comprises about 1000 species of plants.

They are mainly herbs or little shrubs. Some of them are very important in gardening, such as genera malva or hibiscus.

Many are important as medicinal flowers.

Genus gossypium is the cotton, economically a very important fabric.

mallow family

Hibiscus syriacus

Leaves (1): alternate, palmately divided with stipules..
stems (2): generally herbaceous. Seldom ligneous. Hairy or downy.
Flowers:

With radial symmetry. Lonely or in groups, with epicalyx containing 3 or more pieces.

Calyx (3): 5 sepals, joined at the base.
Corolla (4): 5 petals, joined at the base.
Stamens: Numerous, joined below in the shape of a tube around the styles.
Ovary: superior
Fruit: Capsule..

O made by several segments containing a single seed (schizocarp)

Genera

The most important ones are the following:

ABUTILON

ALCEA

ALTHAEA

GOSSYPIUM

HIBISCUS

KOSTELETZKYA

LAVATERA

MALOPE

MALVA

MALVELLA

MODIOLA

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This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

27 February, 2021

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