Javanese pepper

(Piper retrofractum)


Common English Name: Javanese pepper, Javanese long pepper, Balinese long pepper

– Spanish:

– Catalan: pebre llarg de Java

– German: Jawanischer langer Pfeffer, Balinesischer Pfeffer, Jaborandi-Pfeffer, Bengalischer Pfeffer.

– French: poivre long de Java.

Scientific name: Piper retrofractum Vahl.

Taxonomic synonyms:

– Chavica peepuloides Wight.;

– Piper chaba W. Hunter;

– Piper officinarum (Miq.) C. DC.;

– Chavica maritima Miq.;

– Chavica retrofracta (Vahl) Miq.;

– Chavica officinarum Miq.

Family: Piperaceae.

Habitat: grown in Indonesia and spread over warm climate countries.

Botanical description of Javanese pepper

Javanese long pepper (Piper retrofractum) is a climbing plant much like the common long pepper (Piper longum), with which it is often confused sometimes.

It is a short gnarled perennial vine.. Leaves large, stalked, oval or oblong shaped, up to 20 centimeters long.

Inflorescence in pedunculate flower spike that comes from the main stem node, opposed to the leaves. Size between 2.5 and 8.5 centimeters long.

Flowers are greenish yellow and arranged in spiral along the spine.

The fruit of Java long pepper is a small drupe, which is arranged in the flower spike forming a compact fruiting, welded, reminiscent of black catkins. Hard when dry, between 2 and 3 (up to 5) cm long.

Properties of long pepper

This species is a more spicy pepper than Piper nigrum.. It has been attributed with suitable properties for the following anomalies:

– Flatulence

– Indigestion

– Stomachache

– Hemorrhoids

– Anorexia

punto rojoMore information about black pepper and other types of peppers.

Botanical classification

Vascular plants


Seed plants


Flower plants



SpeciesP. retrofactum Vahl.

punto rojoMore information about black pepper and other types of peppers.

This article was endorsed by Vicente Martínez Centelles - Founder of the web and director. Teacher of natural sciences, expert in plants, natural remedies and botanical photography.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

19 March, 2019

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