What is a pear tree?
Characteristics of pear tree (Pyrus communis)
Common noun: Pear tree, Common pear
Scientific noun: Pyrus communis L.
– Synonyms: Pyrus sativa DC. = Pyrus caucasica Fed. = Pyrus pyraster (L.) Du Roi
Family: Rose family – Rosaceae
Habitat: It appears as a cultivated tree in Europe, North of Africa and Asia. It seems it is a species coming from the species Pyrus nivalis and Pyrus caucasica. It was first cultivated in East Europe and West Asia.
Drawing of flowers and leaves
Description of pear tree
Deciduous tree of the Rose family – Rosaceae, up to 10 m.
Grey erect trunk, with its bark breaking into stripes.
Ovate leaves till 10 cm, bright green above, glabrous.
White or rosy flowers, till 1,5 cm wide, gathered in corymbs from 3 to 7.
Picking-up and storing pear tree parts
Leaves must be collected in spring and will be dried in the shade; bark must be picked-up in autumn and dried in the sun. Both must be stored in dried containers; it is advisable for the bark to place it in a air-tightened container.
Components of pear tree
- Acids: oleic, palmitic, glutamic, caffeic, linoleic, aspartic and ascorbic (Fruits)
- Beta carotene (fruit)
- Amino acids: Glycine, arginine, alanine, isoleucine, leucine and threonine (Fruits)
- Arbutin (fruit)
- Minerals: Potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, copper…
More information on pears
18 October, 2021