Boldo cultivation


flower Characteristics of boldo

– Slowly growing dioecious shrub reaching 7m. Height (up to 20m). Crown rounded, very branched. The whole shrub gives off a strong aroma of camphor and lemon.

– Glaucous or green foliage, opposite leaves, petiolated, elliptic and whole, obtuse apex.

– Cluster flowers, white or yellow, very aromatic. The plant is in bloom in summer.

– The fruit is a small fleshy drupe of greenish-yellow color at maturity, edible. To produce fruits, the flowers must be pollinated, because it is a dioecious plant.

sun Boldo required climate

Drawing of the plant

– Plant native to the mountainous and dry regions of Chile.

– Altitudes below 1,000m.

– It does not tolerate frost.

– It can grow in full sun or semi-shade.

soil Suitable soil for boldo

– Shrub from shallow and often stony soils.

Type of soil: sandy and clayey soils. Good drainage.

– Acidic or neutral pH.

pot Propagation of boldo

Propagation by seeds

– Seeding in hot bed.

– Transplanting of seedlings in individual pots when their size allows manipulation.

– Greenhouse cultivation at least during the first winter.

– Stakes of wood during its growth.

irrigation Boldo irrigation

– Space out irrigation. Keep humidity level low.

– Increase the frequency of irrigation in very dry seasons.

Leaf edge winding is a plant response to environmental stress, usually due to lack of water. Because boldo is a dry-climate shrub, the leaf edges may be slightly curved. If they wind up more than normal, it is an indicator that we must water more frequently.

medicinals Medicinal components of boldo


Alkaloids (0.2-0.5%): boldine, isoboldine, reticuline, laurotetanine, laurolitsine, isocorydine, norisocorydine, pachycarpine (espartein).

Essential oil (1-3%): cineole (Eucalyptol), cymol, ascaridole, eugenol, pinene and terpineol.

Tannins (1-2%)

Calcium oxalate

Flavonic glycosides: boldoside, boldoglucin.

Flavonoids: rhamnetol, isorrhamnetol, kaempferol, catechins

punto rojo More information on boldo

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

26 May, 2021

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