CHARACTERISTICS OF DAPHNE
Scientific noun: Daphne gnidium L.
Common noun: Daphne, flax-leaved daphne
Family: Daphne family – Thymelaeaceae
Habitat: Mediterranean Europe and middle east. By the Mediterranean woods, shrubs and by the walls of cultivated lands.
Active components: Mezerein and daphnetoxin.
Active parts: The whole plant, especially the fruits.
How is Daphne gnidium like?
Flax-leaved daphne is a perennial shrub of the Daphne family – Thymelaceae – – up to 2m.
It has stems with leaves in the upper parts, pubescent in the inflorescence.
Leaves are unstalked, till 9 cm. long., linear- lanceolate, coriaceous, darker above, clearer and sticky below.
Male flowers are grouped in ending panicles, yellowish-white outside, whiter inside which is hairy.
Flowers and fruits (Daphne gnidium)
PROPERTIES OF DAPHNE
Medicinal properties of daphne
– Herbal remedies with daphne: Traditionally, it has been used as a drastic purgative to treat constipation, specially its bark dried to be powdered.
Considering it very poisonous, it is not advisable its use in any of the home preparations mentioned above !!!
Drawings of different parts of the plant
By courtesy of © www.dibujosparapintar.com
Toxicity of daphne
The toxicity of this plant is extreme. Used internally, it leads to a violent irritation of the intestinal mucosas of the digestive tract, up to the point of causing death, especially with the ingestion of its fruits that are particularly toxic for children
Applied on the skin, it can produce serious skin problems.
Side effects of dapne
Poisoning with this plant shows the following symptoms:
– Vomiting, sometimes containing blood
– Reduction of heart beat and death in fatal cases
When applying plasters with this plant to treat skin deseases, it produces very painful blisters, so it would be better to use another treatments.
Is dapne toxic to animals?
Daphne gnidium is very poisonous to animals. Similar symptoms to those of men are produced when animals eat its fruits, bark or leaves. It has a percentage of mortality of about a 30 %. However, it particularly attracts partridges and hens, which eat its fruits with a great devotion
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