Species of gentian ( Types of gentians)

Main gentian species

Main characteristics of gentian species

In the world there are about 400 species of gentian. Most of them grow in cold mountain areas, mainly in what is known as alpine meadows. All of them have tubular flowers that are born from spring to autumn.

The majority of them display blue colors, although there are also yellow, white or red.

Besides the yellow gentian (Gentiana lutea), which is best known for its medicinal properties, there are many species of gentian, most of them with similar properties, although many of them are not listed in the references as natural remedies.

Gentian species

Gentiana lutea flowers

Gentiana lutea flowers

Among them we could mention the following:

  • Gentiana acaulis: Originally from Southern Europe. It is characterized, as its scientific name indicates, by the absence of stem. The leaves are gathered in rosette at ground level. Its blue flowers are very large and have green spots in the throat.
  • Gentiana andrewsii: It appears in the meadows of eastern North America. It reaches up to 60 cm in height. It is known as bottle gentian, and the shape of its blueviolet flowers which grow in summer and remain semiclosed. The Indians usually used as a remedy against snake bites. Aperitif and digestive properties.
  • Gentiana amarella: An annual rhizome of a yellow color, very tortuous. Purpleblue flowers, whose ends are open with the sun giving it the form of a 5pointed star.
  • Gentiana bellidifolia: Native from New Zealand, it is one of the few gentian flowers white. As its name suggests, has leaves that resemble daisies.

    Gentiana campestrisPhoto of Gentiana campestris

  • Gentiana catesbaei: Widely used by Native Americans to cure backache, and digestive and circulatory problems.
  • Gentiana cruciata: It presents crossshaped leaves. It has been used as a tonic and stomach. Used to combat hoarseness and sore throat.
  • Gentiana dinarica: Native from the Balkans, has a rosette of leaves elliptical. Solitary bellshaped flowers up to 8 cm born in summer.
  • Gentiana farreri: Native from South China and Tibet. It features blue flowers with a white band.
  • Gentiana kurro: Used in veterinary medicine as a remedy to feed animals, it possesses stomach, tonic and febrifuge properties.
  • Gentiana macrophylla: With properties to remedy hemorrhoids, arthritis, jaundice and lower fever.
  • Gentiana punctata: up to 60 cm in height, it is characterized by its greenish yellow flowers, spotted with brown. It blooms in late summer.
  • Gentiana quinquefolia: It has been recognized because of its medicinal properties for the treatment of malaria.
  • Gentiana purpurea: It has been used as a remedy against cancer.
  • Gentiana scabra: This is the gentian with the highest number of attributed medicinal properties. Among them, in addition to his stomach and tonic properties, we can consider its ability to remedy pain, to treat rheumatism, inflammation, liver, cold or t sore throat.
  • Used externally, it is good for the treatment of sore eyes, to treat conjunctivitis and to remedy vaginitis or inflammation of the vagina, generalized itching or abscesses with pus. Among its most curious properties we can pont out its ability to increase memory.
  • Gentiana verna: It forms o rosettes of leaves on the ground of the mountains, mainly on limestone and calcareous soil. Its blue flowers open forming a tubular cupshaped fivepointed star. As gentiana acaulis, it contains bitter principles.
  • Gentiana Villarsii: up to 1 meter tall, it has yellow flowers with brown spots.

punto rojoMore information on gentian properties and characteristics.

Other species of gentians:

Gentiana adsurgens

Gencitana barbata

Gentiana campestris

Gentiana crassicaulis

Gentiana dahurica

Gentiana decumbens

Gentiana lagodechiana

Gentiana manschurica

Genciana olivieri

Gentiana paradoxa

Gentiana pannonica

Gentiana pneumonanthe

Gentiana puberulenta

Gentiana Purdomi

Gentiana rigescens

Gentiana septemfida

Gentiana straminea

Gentiana thunbergii

Gentiana triflora

Gentiana tubiflora

Gentiana villosa

punto rojoMore information on gentian properties and characteristics

This article was endorsed by Vicente Martínez Centelles - Founder of the web and director. Teacher of natural sciences, expert in plants, natural remedies and botanical photography.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

27 February, 2024

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