Mustard as a condiment

What is mustard condiment?

black mustard seeds

Photo of black mustard seeds (Brassica nigra)

The word ‘mustard condiment’ popularly refers to a spicy sauce made with mustard seeds used as seasoning in food.

Types of mustard

There are more than 40 types of mustard, although the most common different species of mustards are black mustard (Brassica nigra), white mustard (Sinapis alba) and mustard greens (Brassica juncea). With these species mustard sauces are normally prepared with.

All these species belong to the family of cruciferous plants, and are related with well-known vegetables like collard greens, arugula or broccoli. In fact, if you know the mustard sauce and you taste some of these vegetables, you may find the characteristic spicy flavor that reveals the kinship between these plants.

Characteristics of mustard sauce

mostaza mustard brassica nigra sinapis alba

Photo of Dijon mustard sauce made from black mustard seeds, vinegar and salt.

Overall, mustard sauce can be yellow or dark red, depending on what kind of mustard it is prepared with and what ingredients you add.

Mustard sauce has a very pungent aroma and a spicy, burning taste. These characteristics are due to a substance containing the seeds, called sinigrin.

* Related information: Types of Mustard Sauce

What are the benefits of mustard?

The main properties of mustard are due to its content of glucosinolates, some antioxidant components.

In general, all types of mustard contain some potassium, magnesium and phosphorus.

– Mustard should be consumed in small quantities, because it contains some very irritating principles. These components are contributing the peculiar aroma and burning taste of this condiment.

– The irritant effect of these seeds is useful in herbal medicine. Mustard seeds are used for their rubefacientes properties (external use) to stimulate blood circulation in certain areas and relieve rheumatic pains.

* Related information: Medicinal properties of mustard seeds


Composition of a teaspoonful of mustard (Sinapis alba) (5g).
Energy/ Calories23,5kcal

Other uses of Mustard

  • Mustard oil: oil resulting from pressing the mustard seeds. It was used in some countries (mainly in India), although in other countries food use is prohibited and it is sold as external use due to toxicity of erucic acid.

* More information: Properties mustard oil

  • Mustard greens: There is a variety of mustard that is used as a leafy vegetable. This is Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) and is consumed mainly in India.

More information on mustard.

This article was endorsed by Elisenda Carballido - Dietitian nutritionist. Postgraduate in Phytotherapy and master in Nutrition and Metabolism.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

18 June, 2021

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