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Stem types To know more about "The stems" Stem characteristics

Underground stems

ANOTHER TYPES OF STEMS

 

There are some special types of stems. The most important are:

Underground stems:

Rhizomes

Tubers

Bulbs

TIGES RIZOMES

STEMS

STEMS

Rhizomes are stems that grow horizontally under the surface of the ground. From them roots are born, moving downwards into the ground and other herbaceous stems follow the opposite way searching the air. So, apart from storing food, they are a way of plant propagation. Canes would be a good example of them.

Tubers are expanded stems by accumulation of food for the plant, such as the potato or the tulip bulbs.They have buds where new plants grow. (More information: Types of tubers)

Bulbs are in fact buds adapted to leave under the ground, that store food provisions. Onions are bulbs. 


Succulent stems

CACTUS STEMS

They become very fat because of water accumulation. They use it as a reservoir for the long dry periods they have to stand. They are so well adapted to the environment that they have transformed their leaves into prickles, which besides increasing water provision, help the plant to keep herbivores out of range. Cacti are included in this group.



Above-ground stems:

They do not grow below the ground but on the surface or very near to it. The most important are

STOLONS

These are weak spreading stems, running along the surface of the ground and producing new plants from their nodes. Strawberries belong to this group.

TIGES RASTRERES

VINES

Stems that grow on the ground surface till they find something to get upright. They are slender, with long internodes. They can achieve their goal by means of:

Clambering stems: with elastic stems that wind around other plants or structures, like beans, for example.

TIGES VOLUBLES

Climbing roots: stems provided with aerial roots to hold the plant to different surfaces, so they can climb. Ivy, for example.

HEURA

Spines or prickles: aiming at a double purpose: to support the plant and to defend it against animals. Blackberry is an example.

ESPINES

Tendrils (1): They are secondary stems evolved to twist around an object. Vines, for example.

STEMS

Other stems:

The leaf-like cladodes (Phylloclades) and cladodes are leaflike stems. They appear because the real leaves are very small , therefore non functional. Two clear examples are the butcher's broom and the prickly pear.

butcher's broom

GALZARAN

CLADOLIS

Prickly pear

1) leaf-like cladodes.

2) real minute leaves.

3) cladodes

4) leaves developed to prickles.

TEST

Choose the correct answer in each case:

This cactus shows:

- A herbaceous stem

- Cladodes

- A rhizome

CACTUS STEMS


The plant of the picture has:

- A ligneous stem

- A leaf-like cladode

- A tuber

HERBACIES

You think this plant is:

- A shrub

- A bush

- A herbaceous plant

MARGUERITE STEMS

This plant shows:

- Stolons

- Flexible climbing stems

- Climbing prickly stems

ROSE STEMS

Stem types To know more about "The stems" Stem characteristics









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punto rojo More information about plants cultivation in the listing above.

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