Properties of figs

This article was endorsed by Elisenda Carballido - Dietitian nutritionist. Postgraduate in Phytotherapy and master in Nutrition and Metabolism.

Properties of Ficus carica

Characteristics of fig tree


A drawing of a branch of fig tree with a leaf and two fruit.

Common noun: Fig tree

Scientific noun: Ficus carica L.

Family: Fig family – Moraceae

Habitat: Genuine from SW of Asia, it can be found naturalized in S. Europe, being present in rocky warm places of the Mediterranean zone.

Highly cultivated because of its fruits and as an ornamental tree throughout Europe.

Description of fig tree

Deciduous tree from the the fig family – Moraceae– up to 4 m., much more wide tan tall.

Smooth stems with gray bark.

Leaves alternate, palmatifid with 3 to 5 round lobes, very rough to the touch above, pubescent below.

Flowers inside a pear-shaped receptacle which later becomes fruit.

Green fruit when unripe that matures into yellowish green or dark purple

Picking -up and storing figs

Figs must be collected when very well ripe at the beginning of summer or autumn. They should be laid on a wattle screen to make them dry. For storing put them into dry containers such as wooden or cardboard boxes.

Components of fig tree

Amino acids (Alanine, aspartine, arginine, cystin, glycine, lysine, lipase, methionine etc.)

– Enzymes (Esterase, ficin, etc.)

Carbohydrates (glucose, galactose) pectin

Vitamins: beta-carotene (vitamin A) Vitamin C . niacin (Vitamina B3)

Linoleic-acid, malic-acid, oleic-acid,…

Minerals: potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, copper, calcium…etc)

Medicinal properties of fig tree


A detail of an opened fig and another one still immature.

Internal use preparations with figs

Laxative: Against constipation (Decoction of raw dry figs. Boil 3 dry figs in water for a quarter of an hour. Leave to rest and drink the liquid and eat the figs the following morning.)

Mouth cleaner: when having mouth disorders – inflammation, wounds, mouth ulcers, etc.- the same preparation seen above can be useful.

Bronchitis: Having a cold or a pain in the breast, figs show emollient properties – to soften chest mucus. (A quarter of a liter of boiled milk with 12 dry figs for ¼ of an hour. Drink the liquid once strained and sweetened)

Cough: They are very useful to relieve cough. (A quarter of a liter of boiled milk with 12 dry figs for ¼ of an hour. Drink the liquid once strained and sweetened)

Pancreatitis: Proteolytic enzymes provided by some fruits, such as ficin from figs, are very useful to treat pancreatitis, since they help the pancreas to disaggregate food proteins into peptides which are transformed into aminoacids. People affected with pancreatitis are not able to produce the necessary enzymes for digestion so ficin can be very helpful in this case. (Eat figs in your meals)

External use remedies with figs and latex of fig tree

These are very aggressive treatments by the abrasive nature of the components used. It is important to apply the treatments only on the affected area, protecting the rest of the healthy skin.

Once a treatment it is applied, it should be covered with gauze and plaster preventing its contents to reach the healthy parts surrounding the affected area.

These treatments should not be used with children or people with sensitive skin to those they can easily produce skin ulcerations.

Warts: to remove warts. (We use the liquid or latex dripping when cutting a branch or a leaf. Soak the wart with it several times daily.)

Corns: To get rid of calluses (Apply the milky white juice of the leaves to the corn)

Insect bites or stings: (Apply the milky juice of the leaves)

figg tree leaf

A fig tree leaf

Other uses of fig tree

Skin sagging: To reaffirm your face skin you can make a mask with black fig pulp, to which you can add a few drops of lemon. (Apply to your face for 30 minutes and wash it with cold water)

Curd: Latex from leaves can be used as ” curd ” for milk

Edible properties of figs

Figs, being very rich in sugars, it is especially recommended for those people who are doing a big physical effort or for the children who ” burn ” a lot of calories in their continuous activity.

In the same way, because their content in minerals and vitamins (look at its components) they are very helpful for the body.

It is is a fruit containing many mucilages, which have the ability to protect internal mucous, so eating figs is very appropriate for the treatment of gastrointestinal irritation. (Gastritis, stomach pain, indigestion, etc.)

Nutritional composition of figs

Composition of figs per 100 gr.
Water 79.11 gr.
Calories 74
Fat 0,75
Protein 19.18 gr.
Carbohydrates 0.30 gr.
Fiber 3,3
Calcium 35 mgs
Potassium 232 mgs
Iron 0.37 mgs
Magnesium 17 mgs
Phosphorus 14 mgs
Sodium 1 mg
Vitamin A 142 UI
VitaminB1 (Thiamin) 0,06
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0,05
Vitamin C 2 mgs

punto rojo More information about fig tree and figs.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

16 July, 2020

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.