Peanut oil properties


What is peanut oil?

Peanut oil is the oil extracted from the seeds of peanuts. It is is obtained by cold pressing or by cooking the peanuts.

Peanut oil is a food that belongs to the group of fats.

Characteristics of peanut oil

Peanut oil is an olive-colored oil with mild flavor.

Peanut oil properties

From a nutritional standpoint, peanut oil is known for its vitamin E content. Vitamin E has antioxidant properties that make it very suitable to prevent organic oxidation caused by free radicals.

Properties of this vitamin can be used internally, adding that crude oil to salads or other foods. You can also take a teaspoon of this crude oil with your stomach empty. Used in this way, it has an anti-inflammatory effect on the liver and intestines.

Externally, peanut oil can be applied to the skin to take advantage of its properties. By doing this, it will help to fight skin problems like eczema, pimples, blackheads, or itching. You can apply peanut oil as an ointment on the joints of people with arthritis to relieve pain and inflammation.

It does not contain any other vitamins and only some traces of iron and zinc.

One should keep in mind that peanut oil, like other vegetable oils, is a fat with a huge caloric power. Therefore, we must be prudent in their use, especially in cases of obesity or if we are on a diet to lose weight.

Composition of peanut oil and olive oil per 100 g
NutrientsPeanut oilOlive oil
Water0 g0 g
Energy884 Kcal884 Kcal
Fat100 g100 g
Protein0 g0 g
Carbohydrates0 g0 g
Fiber0 g0 g
Potassium0 mg0 mg
Sodium0 mg0 mg
Phosphorus0 mg0 mg
Calcium0 mg0 mg
Magnesium0 mg0 mg
Iron0,03 mg0,38 mg
Zinc0,01 mg0,06 mg
Copper0 mg0 mg
Vitamin C00
Vitamin B10 mg0 mg
Vitamin B20 mg0 mg
Vitamin B60 mg0 mg
Vitamin A0 IU0 IU
Vitamin E12,920 mg12,40 mg
Folacin0 mcg0 mcg
Niacin0 mg0 mg

Benefits of peanut oil

Peanut oil is a type of oil that resists heat very well which makes it suitable for frying. It can also be used raw to flavor meals.

Compared to other edible oils such as olive oil, rapeseed oil or sunflower oil, peanut oil is characterized by a higher saturated fat percentage (about 16.9%) because of their saturated fatty acids (mainly palmitic acid, arachidic acid, stearic acid and behenic acid).

Peanut oil contains 42% of monounsaturated fatty acids (mainly oleic acid and gadoleic acid) and 32% of polyunsaturated fatty acids, specially linoleic acid (Omega -6), and a small amount of alpha-linolenic acid (Omega-3)

From a dietary standpoint, peanut oil is valued for its high percentage of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid whose anti-inflammatory properties have been extensively highlighted. It has been reported beneficial effects for arthritis, blood circulation, diabetes or negative symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.

However, it is often criticized the fact that it has a percentage of higher saturated fat than other vegetable oils used in food, such as olive oil, rapeseed oil or sunflower oil.

It has also been said that the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids in peanut oil is not balanced. The best thing is to have a ratio of 1 / 1 or 4 / 1 between the omega-6 and omega-3.

The ratio in this type of oil reaches over 300 / 1 in favor of omega 6. Some experts believe that the vast superiority of omega-6 may be responsible at times for some anomalies such as heart diseases, depression, diabetes. etc.

List of different types of fatty acids in major edible oils per 100 g
Types of fatsPeanut oilOlive oilSunflower oilRapeseed oil
Saturated fatty acids16,9 %13,5 %9,74 % – 10,1 %10,3 %
Monounsaturated fatty acids42 %73,7 %45,4 – 83,59 %19,5 %
Polyunsaturated fatty acids32 %8,4 %3,79 % – 65,7%65,7%

punto rojoMore information about peanut.

This article was endorsed by Elisenda Carballido - Dietitian nutritionist. Postgraduate in Phytotherapy and master in Nutrition and Metabolism.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

22 April, 2019

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