What are tomatoes?
A tomato is the fruit of tomato plant (Lycopersicom esculentum). A tomato is a vegetable.
It has a rounded shape with a thin skin, green or red depending on the variety and maturity.
The interior has a pulp of the same color as the outer skin with various small light yellow seeds inside.
They have a mild, sweet flavor.
What are the tomato main nutrients? Composition of tomatoes
As an energy source, 100 grams of tomato provide 21 kcal.
Their proportion of nutrients is divided into:
- More than 94% is water.
- A 0.33% fat.
- About 0.85% protein.
- Almost a 4.64% carbohydrate.
- A 1.1% fiber.
Vitamins and minerals in tomatoes
- Tomatoes are rich in potassium, magnesium, phosphorus and small amounts of calcium.
- Tomatoes contain a lot of vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin B3. They have small amounts of other B vitamins, and vitamin E
Nutritional characteristics of tomatoes
Photo of different varieties of tomato
- Tomato has a very high water.
- It provides little energy.
- It contains little fat, but of high quality and with many health benefits.
- It has a low protein content.
- It is low in carbohydrates, especially starches.
- It has low in fiber.
- It helps to remove toxins from our body, because it contains potassium.
- It helps maintain our brain function, because it contains phosphorus. In addition, together with calcium, it maintains the balance of the formation of strong bones.
- Because of its magnesium content, it helps the contraction and relaxation of muscles.
- For its content in B vitamins, particularly vitamin B3, it helps us get energy from fat, protein and carbohydrate intake to properly grow and maintain our defenses in good condition.
- It protects the skin and helps keep it healthy, because it contains vitamin A.
- It protects us from colds and helps heal wounds, because of vitamin C.
- It protects us from the toxins and aging, because it contains vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E.