Photo of Agrimonia eupatoria (Agrimony)



Agrimonia eupatoria

Photo of Agrimonia eupatoria

agrimonia eupatoria

Detail of Agrimonia eupatoria‘s flowers

Agrimonia eupatoria L. – (Agrimony)

Perennial deciduous herb of the rose family – Rosaceae. Erect, up to 1 m high, arising from a rhizomatous root, large, thick, fibrous, dark brown and with astringent taste. Plant bright green, with a slight aromatic lemon scent.

Stem single or in pairs, cylindrical, hair covered, ending with a spike of flowers with five yellow petals and five rounded sepals. At the base of each flower a bract with three segments appears.

The flower spike of the liverwort recalls the shape of the steeple of a church, hence, in English, it is known as “church steeples”.

The flowers are rich in pollen and are visited by numerous insects, especially bees and flies.

Basal leaves numerous, pinnately compound, 5 to 7 leaflets with serrated margins. Cauline leaves less abundant, smaller and less divided.

The leaves of agrimony are highly desired by the caterpillars of butterflies.

When the flowers mature, they produce dry fruits, which are included in a kind of cup with hooked edges that attach to the animal fur or people clothing. In this way, the plant can disperse its seeds far from the mother plant to grow in a different spot.

It is the ability these structures have to hook the reason why in English it is known as “Stickwort”.


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This article was endorsed by Vicente Martínez Centelles - Founder of the web and director. Teacher of natural sciences, expert in plants, natural remedies and botanical photography.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

13 May, 2021

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