How many honeysuckles are there?
The genus Lonicera comprises about 180 species of plants of the caprifoliaceae family that live in temperate zones. They can be shrubs or lianas
They are climbers with perennial or deciduous leaves. All of them have opposite leaves and flowers with the bilabial corolla, and the corolla tube generally quite long.
Most flowers usually offer intense aromas and very sweet nectar to attract pollinators and favor pollination (moths, bees or birds).
In English they are called honeysuckles, a word referring to the nectar that the majority of the flowers of this gender produce.
Among the most known species we have:
- Etruscan Honeysuckle (Lonicera etrusca) Like Lonicera caprifolium, it presents the upper leaves joined forming a kind of cup from where the flowers come out, however it differs from the common honeysuckle in that the flowers of the Etruscan honeysuckle are not seated but they are placed at the end of a peduncle.
The reddish fruits of this plant are also poisonous. It inhabits Mediterranean areas and may be deciduous or semi-mature.
-Evergreen Honeysuckle: (Lonicera implexa) Mediterranean shrub up to 3 m. Yellowish red flowers that are born from the top leaves joined in a cup shape on peduncles. Orange fruits.
- European honeysuckle: (Lonicera periclymenum) Native plant of Europe that reaches 6 m in height and grows in the forests. It presents creamy yellow flowers, white or pink and cream in the form of small trumpet and with a very good aroma. They are in bloom during the months of May and August.. Fruits are red
- Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) From East Asia, it reaches 9 meters in height. It has been used as a garden plant in many parts of the world for its ease of growth and its ability to cover hedges or fences.
Its adaptive capacity makes it an invasive species in many places where it has been imported, to the point that it manages to kill many of the trees or shrubs on which it hangs, since its roots produce substances that stop the growth of the others plants.
It has thick leaves of a dark green and yellow flowers that appear in late summer or early fall. Its fruits are black.
Main species and varieties of Lonicera
Lonicera acuminata Wall.
Lonicera heterophylla Decne.
|Lonicera prostrata Rehd.
Lonicera x purpusii
Lonicera reticulata Raf.
Lonicera retusa Franch.
Lonicera rhytidophylla Hand.-Mazz.
Lonicera rupicola Hook. f. et Thoms.
Lonicera ruprechtiana Regel
Lonicera saccata Rehd.
Lonicera schneideriana Rehd.
Lonicera semenovii Regel
Lonicera sempervirens L.
Lonicera serreana Hand.-Mazz.
Lonicera setifera Franch.
Lonicera similis Hemsl.
Lonicera spinosa Jacq. ex Walp.
Lonicera standishii Jacques
Lonicera stephanocarpa Franch.
Lonicera subaequalis Rehd.
Lonicera subhispida Nakai
Lonicera sublabiata Hsu et H. J. Wang
Lonicera subspicata Hook. & Arn.
Lonicera szechuanica Batal.
Lonicera tangutica Maxlm.
Lonicera tatarica L.
Lonicera tatarinowii Maxim.
Lonicera x tellmanniana
Lonicera tomentella Hook.f. et Thoms.
Lonicera tragophylla Hemsl.
Lonicera trichogyne Rehd.
Lonicera trichosantha Bur. et Franch.
Lonicera trichosepala (Rehd.) Hsu
Lonicera tubliflora Rehd.
Lonicera utahensis S. Wats.
Lonicera villosa (Michx.) J.A. Schultes
Lonicera virgultorum W. W. Smith
Lonicera webbiana Wall. ex DC.
Lonicera x bella
Lonicera x heckrottii Rehd.
Lonicera x minutiflora Zabel
Lonicera x notha Zabel
Lonicera x xylosteoides Tausch
Lonicera xylosteum L.
Lonicera yunnanensis Franch.
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