Olives food


What are olives?

Olives are the fruits of the olive trees. There are over 700 different varieties of olives.

What colour olives are?

They are mainly green, some with a slight reddish tint.

As they mature, some of these fruits persist with its greenish color, while others adopt a obscure brown, almost black red coloration.

The difference between green and black olives is due to the ripening period. Ripening period in black olives is greater than in green olives.

Marinated olives with little cucumbers and little onions

Olive shape and size

Its shape and size are highly dependent on the olive variety, from the more rounded or more pointed types, to the very large or very small ones, although the "usual" size is around two centimeters in diameter.

Forms of consumption of olives

Olives can only be eaten after a marinating process.

For its fatty acid content, some olive classes are often devoted to olive oil production.

Depending on the variety, the amount of oil that can be extracted from the fruit differs greatly and it is for this reason that not all the olives produced are aimed at oil production since some are cultivated to be consumed as a seasoned fruit.

How much olives do olive trees produce?

Olives production depends on several factors, but, generally, when olive trees production becomes stabilized after some growing years, it becomes quite constant.

A single olive tree can produce more than 30 kilos of olives, but its production will depend on the size and age of the tree.

Some olive tree labors can diminish or stop its production, such as when the are grafted or transplanted recently (These would delay production for a few years). The affected tree will get back to normality with the passage of time.

Climate and optimal conditions for growing olives

The climate where cultivation takes place also influences the final production of the fruit, that is, if they remained at a low temperature for a sufficiently long time at the time of flowering, which is in the spring, production of fruits can be reduced.

In fact, if grown in a climate too warm, olive trees may not even give any fruit. Besides temperature, humidity also takes part. The optimum conditions to deliver as many olives as possible are a considerable period of winter rainfall, a relatively wet spring and a little rain in summer, which is the fruit ripening period.

The Mediterranean climate, with dry summers, cold winters and wet springs, is ideal for optimal production.

Maturation of the olives

The usual ripening period is over half a year after the olive tree has blossomed. However, we should keep in mind that some olives are consumed as a flavored fruit, so they are not usually collected in a very advanced state of maturity, thus, the waiting time before harvest is usually somewhat lower.

* Related information: olive oil, medicinal properties of olive tree

punto rojo More information on olives in the listing above

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Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.