Thistle nutrition

Food properties of thistle

An ideal food for the liver and gallbladder

The thistles, like artichokes, are an ideal food for the health of the liver and gallbladder. Both are rich in cinarina.

This component has choleretic properties, ie the production of bile produced by the liver. By increasing the bile helps digestion of food and prevents a number of disorders related to a poor digestion related to liver malfunction: heaviness, heartburn, intestinal gas, etc.

The increase of bile contributes not only to further digestion of food, but a decrease in the levels of cholesterol by facilitating their expulsion from the body and reduce production levels the same in the liver. (The cinarina applied as a supplement for the treatment of cholesterol, resulting in an alternative method to traditional and highly effective drugs)

All this leads to congestion of the liver. and prevention of diseases of this organ, such as hepatitis or the hepatic insufficiency.

In case of illness have occurred in the liver, inulin, another of the major components of this plant, along with caffeic acid hepatorregenerativos are considered, namely have the ability to regenerate cells of this organ and consequently promote healing.

We must not forget that this component has cholagogue properties, ie stimulates the production of bile juices. By stimulating the production of the gallbladder, and improves digestion of food, reduces the work of draining the liver and gallbladder which prevents the formation of gallstones.


Gallstones in gallbladder

*See: Milk thistle for the liver

A good food for the retention of liquids

The thistle, like artichokes, has very good components to remove body fluids. Its rich in acid (chlorogenic acid, ascorbic acid and caffeic primarily) with your cinarina and calcium content make this food in one of the main resources to increase the urine.

This property can be used in many situations where it is desirable to increase urine output: fluid retention, obesity, rheumatism, hypertension, kidneystones, excess of uric acid, swelling in the pre-menstrual syndrome, etc.

In the section of the treatment of obesity, must be aware that this food has too few calories (about half the artichokes) and a very high percentage in water over the artichokes.

This, together with potassium (very high, although not as much as artichokes) serve, in part, to counter the high sodium content. However artichokes, to have more potassium and less sodium than diuretic would be more thistles and most suitable for all the problems associated with the removal of body fluid.

chards thistle

Boiling thistles or chard

A purifying food, very suitable for the control of diabetes, constipation and cancer prevention.

The thistles are recommended for people with diabetes. Contain a polysaccharide called inulin, which helps lower levels of blood sugar. This component is very common in plants of the daisy family.

In fact, from the inulin derived from chicory and other vegetables, like onions or garlic, fructose is produced for human consumption.

Importantly, this component, in addition to reducing blood glucose levels in the blood, helps reduce cholesterol, promotes the absorption of calcium (especially high in milk thistle) as it prevents osteoporosis, increases intestinal transit thus prevents constipation, and prevents the appearance of colon cancer and breast cancer.

With regard to cancer prevention should be noted that inulin has bifidogenic properties, ie, like yogurt, stimulates the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut and reduces the level of pathogenic bacteria.

This determines a cleansing of the colon with consequent benefit to the body is less exposed to the occurrence of intestinal diseases and cancer tumor growth.

Comparison of thistles and artichokes

Artichokes for its superior wealth of protein, fiber, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals are dietetically talking in excess of thistles.

The thistles, however, food is also a very interesting, especially for its calcium content and its low calorific value. as well as food may include adequate for health.

People with high blood pressure should lean toward the consumption of artichokes, because their sodium content is lower and are more diuretic than thistles.

Although moderate drinking does not lead to higher blood pressure levels, thistles certainly have a very high sodium and high consumption of this food could be dangerous.

On the other hand, they are particularly interesting for people who are doing a weight loss diet or for people who sweat a lot and lose many sales as hard trades workers or sportsmen.

All of them can present hypotension problems (low blood pressure) with consequent symptoms of dizziness, weakness, etc. This food for its wealth of sodium could help keep the salt levels more constant and may help prevent dizziness own times that this mineral is lower.

Composition of raw artichokes and thistles

Composition of raw artichokes and thistles per 100 gr.
Nutrition factsFresh artichokesFresh thistles
Water84, 94 gr.94 gr.
Energy47 Kcal20 Kcal
Fat0, 15 gr.0, 10 gr.
Protein3, 27 gr.0.70 gr.
Carbohydrates10, 5 gr.4, 89 gr.
Fiber5.4 gr.1.6 gr.
Potassium370 mgs400 gr.
Phosphorus90 mgs23 gr.
iron1, 28 mgs0.70 gr.
Sodium94 mgs170 mgs
Magnesium60 mgs42 mgs
Manganese0, 25 mgs0, 128 mgs
Selenium0, 2 mgs0.9 mgs
Zinc0, 49 mgs0.17 mgs
Copper0, 231 mgs0, 028 mgs
Calcium44 mgs70 mgs
Vitamin C11, 7 mgs2 mgs
Vitamin E0, 19 mgs—-
Vitamin A185 UI120 UI
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0, 072 mgs0, 020 mgs
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0, 066 mgs0, 030 mgs
Folic acid68 mgs28 mgs
Niacin1, 04 mgs0, 300 mgs

punto rojoMore information on the thistles.

This article was endorsed by Elisenda Carballido - Dietitian nutritionist. Postgraduate in Phytotherapy and master in Nutrition and Metabolism.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

11 April, 2022

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