What are the dried apricots?

How to make homemade dried apricots.

The dried fruit called "orejones" in Spanish are dried peaches and apricots. These fruits are dehydrated by sun-drying technique to exploit their properties in food off-season periods. We can get homemade dried apricots placing them on a few cane beds in the sun on days without moisture. When they are dry, they are stored in sealed and dry containers.

The drying process involves a loss of weight. Usually we usually get a fifth of the initial fruit weight. What actually occurred is a waste of water. This loss creates a dried fruit that prevents organisms can thrive in it. In this way you can keep for a long time without rotting.

The drying process involves the loss of water. For example, in the case of dried apricots while the fresh fruit has almost 90% water, the dry has less than 8%. Moreover, this process involves increasing number of other nutrients as shown in the table below.

It is best to dry the apricots at home than buying industrially dried apricots because in the drying process, components are added to the latter to improve its appearance. For example, to avoid a blackened aspect it's very common to add sulfur dioxide (E220) The additive can improve the appearance of them but it's detrimental to health and it is often responsible for asthma attacks. Asthmatics should avoid eating dried apricots when they are not sure how they were dried. A good way to know which dried apricots have been treated with sulfur is to notice the ones with a very vivid and bright color.

Properties of dried apricots

We can say that the dried apricots ("orejones") offer a higher concentration of vitamins, minerals and nutrients than regular dried fruits. In the case of apricots, as shown in the table below, there is a dramatic increase in vitamins and minerals. Especially remarkable is the increase of vitamin A as beta carotene. We can say that the properties already mentioned for tender apricots are increased in the dried apricots (See the link "tender apricots" in the listing above). Surely a handful of dried apricots can be an alternative to swallowing pills of vitamin A or beta carotene.

Equally interesting is its iron content, which must be used by those who have pale skin because of their low level of this mineral. The apricots are a good medicine for the treatment and prevention of anemia.

Another amazing feature is their content of potassium. This is especially interesting for people who have problems with hypertension or who have circulatory problems because of the influence of sodium. This richness in potassium will thwart the sodium, will facilitate the expulsion of fluid from the body and improve circulation.

A fruit with a lot of energy

Dried apricots are rich in carbohydrates. This gives them great power energy, capable of providing a lot of calories with very little weight. In fact, for this reason, it is one of the fruits used by athletes and hikers. They have been included in the diet of astronauts for this reason and also because of its richness in vitamins and minerals.

The dried apricots are a good resource for eating at that time between meals when you are hungry and want to discard other foods that make you fat without providing you with so many vitamins and minerals as dried apricots do. Ideal for children as a food source to avoid the "goodies" or for adults who do not want to resort to sweets. Be cautious if overweight or if you want to lose weight since the energetic power of the dried apricots is very high.

A tonic for the nervous system

The high content of niacin or vitamin B3 of the dried apricots determines that this fruit may be considered an "authentic natural medicine" for the nervous system. Small deficiencies of niacin can manifest as nervous system disorders such as nervousness, anxiety, depression, insomnia, irritability and, in more serious cases, in the form of dementia.

The lack of this vitamin can cause weakness, general discomfort, lack of interest and general indiscriminate pain.

Composition per 100 g of apricots





86, 35 g

7,5 g


48 kcal

320 kcal


0, 39 g

0,62 g


1, 40 g

4, 90 g


11, 12 g

82,89 g


2, 4 g



296 mg

1850 mg


19 mg

157 mg


0, 54 mg

6, 31 mg


1 mg

13 mg


8 mg

63 mg


14 mg

61 mg


0, 089 mg

0, 57 mg


0, 26 mg

1 mg


0, 4 mcg


Vitamin C

10 mg

9,5 mg

Vitamin A

2612 UI

12 669 UI

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

0, 030 mg

0, 043 mg

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

0, 890 mg

0, 148 mg

Vitamin E

0, 6 mg



0, 6 mg

3, 58 mg

Related information: The apricot in the kitchen.

More information about the apricots in the listing above

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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.