Javanese pepper

(Piper retrofractum)


Common English Name: Javanese pepper, Javanese long pepper, Balinese long pepper

- Spanish:
- Catalan: pebre llarg de Java
- German: Jawanischer langer Pfeffer, Balinesischer Pfeffer, Jaborandi-Pfeffer, Bengalischer Pfeffer.
- French: poivre long de Java.

Scientific name: Piper retrofractum Vahl.
Taxonomic synonyms:
- Chavica peepuloides Wight.;
- Piper chaba W. Hunter;
- Piper officinarum (Miq.) C. DC.;
- Chavica maritima Miq.;
- Chavica retrofracta (Vahl) Miq.;
- Chavica officinarum Miq.

Family: Piperaceae.

Habitat: grown in Indonesia and spread over warm climate countries.

Botanical description of Javanese pepper

Javanese long pepper (Piper retrofractum) is a climbing plant much like the common long pepper (Piper longum), with which it is often confused sometimes.

It is a short gnarled perennial vine.. Leaves large, stalked, oval or oblong shaped, up to 20 centimeters long.

Inflorescence in pedunculate flower spike that comes from the main stem node, opposed to the leaves. Size between 2.5 and 8.5 centimeters long.

Flowers are greenish yellow and arranged in spiral along the spine.

The fruit of Java long pepper is a small drupe, which is arranged in the flower spike forming a compact fruiting, welded, reminiscent of black catkins. Hard when dry, between 2 and 3 (up to 5) cm long.

Properties of long pepper

This species is a more spicy pepper than Piper nigrum.. It has been attributed with suitable properties for the following anomalies:

- Flatulence

- Indigestion

- Stomachache

- Hemorrhoids

- Anorexia

punto rojo More information about black pepper and other types of peppers in the listing above

Botanical classification
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Tracheobionta
Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta
Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta
Flower plants
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Piperales
Family Piperaceae
Gender Piper
Species P. retrofactum Vahl.

punto rojo More information about black pepper and other types of peppers in the listing above

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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.