Laurel medicinal properties
Laurus nobilis L.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF BAY TREE
Common English noun: Sweet bay, Bay Tree, Sweet bay, Grecian Laurel, True Laurel. " Laurel" name comes from Middle English "Lorel", which derives from French "lorer" from Latin "Laurus"
Common name in other languages:
Sweet bay drawing by courtesy of ©Dibujosparapintar.com
- Spanish / Castellano: Laurel, lauro, loredo, árbol de Apolo, llorel, Laurel del Mediterraneo, laurel común, aurelero, choriu, laurel hembra, etc.
- Catalan / Català: Llorer, llor
- Galician / Galego: Loureiro
- Portuguese / Português: Loureiro, louro
- Basque / Euskara: Ereinotza, erramua
- Italian / Italiano: Alloro
- Romanian / Română: Dafin
- French / Français: Laurier, laurier d'Apollon, laurier noble, laurier vrai, laurier-sauce.
- German / Deutsch: Echte Lorbeer, edler Lorbeer, gewürzlorbeer
- Polish/ Polski: Wawrzyn szlachetny
- Hungarian / Magyar: Nemes babér
- Danish / Danks: Ægte laurbær
- Czech / čeština: Vavřín vznešený
- Dutch /Nederlands: Laurier
- Afrikaanns / Afrikáanns: Lourierboom
- Norwegian /Norsk bokmål: Laurbær
- Finnish /Suomi: Laakeripuu
- Swedish /Svenska: Lager, lagerträd
- Turkish / Türkçe: Akdeniz defnesi
- Русский / Russian: Лавр благородный
Scientific noun: Laurus nobilis L. This word comes from Latin words "Laurus" and "nobilis"
Family: Sweet bay family - Lauraceae
Habitat. Where to find sweet bay trees?
Cultivated tree, sometimes established in cool and wet places.
Descripción of Sweet bay
Drawing of the plant with the leaves, flowers and fruits
Perennial tree of the Sweet bay family - Lauraceae-
Erect stems with dark bark.
Undivided leaves, alternate, lanceolate, coriaceous and shining with wavy margins.
Unisexual flowers. Male ones showing 8 to 14 stamens; female ones with 4 petals. All of them yellowish and joined in axillary umbels, with short stems.
How to pick-up and store sweet bay leaves and fruits?
Leaves should be collected after bloom, although this can be done all throughout the year.
Fruits when well-ripened.
Both of them should be dried in the shade and stored in airtight containers in a dry and dark place.
Main components of Sweet bay
Photo of laurel leaves and flowers
Acids: acetic, formic, pelargonic, propionic (leaves) cinnamic, lauric (fruits) caproic, linoleic, oleic, (plant)
Sabinene (leaves and fruits)
Limonene (leaves and fruits)
Alphapinene, alphaterpinene, alphaterpineol, betapinene, gammaterpinen (leaves and berries)
Alcohols: eugenol (leaves)
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF SWEET BAY
INTERNAL USE PREPARATIONS WITH SWEET BAY LEAVES
Dry sweet bay leaves
Infusions of dry bay leaves are very suitable for the digestive system
Sweet bay has digestive tract stimulant, antispasmodic, hepatic and carminative properties
It increases secretions and favours peristalsis, contributing to digestion, helping the stomach and liver and preventing, flatulence, aerophagia, gastritis, heartburn, hiatal hernia and intestinal spasms.
Eugenol is fundamental because of its carminative, antiulcerous and hepatoprotective properties. (Infusion of a couple of leaves in a cup of water for 10 minutes. Take 4 cups a day)
Sweet bay for respiratory diseases
Sweet bay has expectorant, bronchial and anti-flu properties.
Cineol, present in essential oil, plays an important role considering its antibacterial, antitussive and antibronchitic properties.
But, besides cineol, there are many other components working in the same sense, such as acetic acid, alpha-pinene and camphene.
(The same infusion seen above can be suitable for this purpose) ( You can also take 4 drops of essential oil tree times a day)
Sweet bay for circulatory problems
Sweet bay has antiarteriosclerotic effects.
This can be useful for the treatment of vascular problems related with a bad peripheral blood flow, such as chilblains
(The previous treatments are appropriate)
Other curative properties of sweet bay
Main curative properties of sweet bay
Diuretic: It favours liquid elimination of the body, being very interesting, not only for obesity treatment, but also in all those maladies which improve when water is drained from the body together with toxins, such as, cellulite, uric acid, gout, arthritis, rheumatism, etc. (Infusion of two leaves in a cup of water for 10 minutes, Take 4 cups a day)
- Amenorrhea: Useful for amenorrhea or lack of temporary menstruation (Infusion of a teaspoon of dry leaves crumbled by water cup. Take during 7 days before the menstruation 2 cups every day)
EXTERNAL USES OF SWEET BAY ESSENTIAL OIL AND OTHER PREPARATIONS
Black bay of laurel. Laurel bays can be used to make remedies for skin diseases
- Antirheumatic: Sweet bay helps to diminish rheumatic pain in illnesess like arthritis by applying the anti-inflammatory properties of alpha-pinene and beta- pinene on the affected articulation. (Ointment of essential oil, extracted from the fruits)
- Skin: It is suitable for the external treatment of skin illnesses caused by fungi - acetic acid has fungicide properties- besides lumps, ulcers, burns, acne, etc. The same treatment can be useful for eczema.
Applied on the skin lesions, it exerts bacteriostatic and renewing functions on the epidermis. So, it avoids lesions to become infections and favors healing.
How to apply sweet bay remedies on the skin?
Macerate during 15 days a handful of berries in 250 gr. of olive oil.
Filter it and apply with a bandage the resulting liquid on the affected part of the skin
- Pour some dry leaves into the water of the bath, some minutes before taking it
OTHER USES OF SWEET BAY ESSENTIAL OIL
Cosmetic and curative uses of sweet bay
Essential oil of sweet bay to make perfumes: considering its flavour richness, the essential oil of sweet bay is present in the composition of many perfume industry products, which elaborates creams and lotions with it, not only because of flavourous qualities but its beneficial properties for skin, too.
Essential oil of sweet bay for hair treatment: It seems that it exerts a regenerating effect on scalp, together with a big efficiency to fight dandruff, dry hair and seborrhea and some other disturbances related with hair fall. So, it can help preventing baldness or delaying it.
(Massages with the essential oil on the scalp before going to bed and in the morning may be advantageous)
EDIBLE USES OF SWEET BAY
Sweet bay as a spice
Spinach with boiled potatoes. Garlic and laurel were added to spice it
Sweet bay has been used as a spice in cookery to flavour diverse dishes, such as meat, soups, etc.
Also in racy preparations by the side of little onions and peppers.
How to use sweet bay leaves a a spice?
The whole leave can be placed inside the stew or smash it to powder the meal.
Do not serve the leave to the guest, since it can cut his mouth easily.
Nutritional composition of sweet bay leaves
The food composition of sweet bay for every 100 gr. is the following:
|Composition of bay leaves per 100g|
|Vitamin C||46.5 mg.|
|Vitamin B-6||1000 mg.|
|Folic acid||180 mcg.|
= High content
Symbolic uses of sweet bay
Traditionally it is a plant that has symbolised victory.
It was used by The Greeks and Romans to make crowns with which winners were rewarded, either in games or in the battle field.
It is a symbol which generally glittered in the heads of poets and emperors.
It was supposed this tree could never be reached by lightenings. This is the reason why many Roman people place some branches in their houses. They generally took then in their hands during thunderstorms so as not to be caught by a lightening.
Veterinary uses of sweet bay
Traditionally a paste has been elaborated from its fruits in order to fight parasites.
Is sweet bay a safe plant?
It is not very appropriate to take large doses of this plant, since it can result harmful to people with frail stomachs, to whom it may produce vomiting by overstimulation of digestive tract.
Being in contact with the skin, it can also produce foto-sensibility - adverse dermatologic reactions derived from big light exposures - in people allergic to this plant, who should refrain from taking this plant even when cooked.
More information on sweet bay.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.